DepEd Order 31 s. 2013 & DepEd Order 31 s. 2012 Contravene MTB-MLE Provisions of RA 10533

DepEd Sec. Armin Luistro

DepEd Sec. Armin Luistro

Secretary Armin Luistro’s Department of Education, through his directives and the RA 10533 Implementing Rules and Regulations (IRR) issued on September 4, 2013, are bent on subverting the intent of the Enhanced Basic Education Act of 2013.

Sec. 4 of RA 10533, otherwise known as “AN ACT ENHANCING THE PHILIPPINE BASIC EDUCATION SYSTEM BY STRENGTHENING ITS CURRICULUM AND INCREASING THE NUMBER OF YEARS FOR BASIC EDUCATION, APPROPRIATING FUNDS THEREFOR AND FOR OTHER PURPOSES“, provides that:

“Basic education shall be delivered in languages understood by the learners as the language plays a strategic role in shaping the formative years of learners.

“For kindergarten and the first three (3) years of elementary education, instruction, teaching materials and assessment shall be in the regional or native language of the learners. The Department of Education (DepED) shall formulate a mother language transition program from Grade 4 to Grade 6 so that Filipino and English shall be gradually introduced as languages of instruction until such time when these two (2) languages can become the primary languages of instruction at the secondary level.”

DepEd Order No. 31 s. 2013 issued on July 16, 2013 right after RA 10533 became law clarifies DepEd Order No. 31 s. 2012, thus:

a. Mother Tongue  is used as a Medium of Instruction (MOI) for Grades 1 and 2 for teaching Mathematics, Araling Panlipunan (AP), Music, Arts, Physical Education and Health (MAPEH) and Edukasyon sa Pagpapakatao (EsP);

b. Mother Tongue is taught as a separate Learning Area in Grades 1 and 2;

c. Filipino, as a Learning Area, is first introduced in Grade 1 during the second quarter (2nd Q)/grading period;

d. English, as a Learning Area, is first introduced in Grade 1 during the third quarter (3rd Q)/grading period…

DepEd Order No. 31 s. 2012, which is clarified by DepEd Order no. 31 s. 2013, has the following chart on the Medium of Instruction:

MOI:DO31:2012

It is clear from the above DepEd Order No. 31 s. 2013, that the “Mother Tongue  is used as a Medium of Instruction (MOI) for Grades 1 and 2 for teaching Mathematics, Araling Panlipunan (AP), Music, Arts, Physical Education and Health (MAPEH) and Edukasyon sa Pagpapakatao (EsP), BUT NOT in Filipino, as a Learning Area, first introduced in Grade 1 during the second quarter (2nd Q)/grading period, AND NOT in English, as a Learning Area, first introduced in Grade 1 during the third quarter (3rd Q)/grading period.

It is clear that the Medium of Instruction chart above from DepEd Order 31 s. 2012, referenced by DepEd Order 31 s. 2013, specifies (a) that Filipino is the Medium of Instruction for Filipino from Grade 1 to Grade 3; it also specifies (b) that English is the Medium of Instruction for English from Grade 1 to Grade 3. Both contravene RA 10533’s provision that (a) Basic education shall be delivered in languages understood by the learners as the language plays a strategic role in shaping the formative years of learners, and (b) For kindergarten and the first three (3) years of elementary education, instruction, teaching materials and assessment shall be in the regional or native language of the learners.

Dr. Ricardo Nolasco of the UP Dept of Linguistics, in his comments in the immediately preceding post, “RA 10533 and DepEd’s Misinterpretations thru DO 31 s. 2013 & the IRRs“, points out some sinister implications of the Implementing Rules and Regulations for RA 10533, especially as they relate to the Mother Tongue-Based Multilingual Education provisions of the Enhanced Basic Education Act of 2013.

What happened to the RA 10533 proviso that DepEd shall see to it that the “curriculum shall adhere to the principles and framework of Mother Tongue-Based Multilingual Education (MTB-MLE) which starts from where the learners are and from what they already knew proceeding from the known to the unknown” if non-Tagalog-speaking students will be taught Filipino starting in Grade 1 and using Filipino as MOI — a language they are not familiar with? What about non-English-speaking students being taught English starting in Grade 1 and using English as MOI — a language they, too, are not familiar with? Why the hurry to teach Filipino and English as language areas so early in Grade 1 when the students are still trying to build a language foundation in their L1? Is it because DepEd feels a need to succumb to some parental pressure instead of adhering to sound, research-based pedagogical sequencing of L1, l2, L3 learning?

We want answers, Mr. Luistro.

13 thoughts on “DepEd Order 31 s. 2013 & DepEd Order 31 s. 2012 Contravene MTB-MLE Provisions of RA 10533

  1. Assuming, Doc, that what you saw as DepEd learning materials for Math for Grade 2 which were written in English are to be used this schoolyear, then DepEd is in violation of RA 10533 as well as its own DO 31 s. 2013 and DO 31 s. 2012. So what else is new with DepEd? A simple desk-organizer software is probably more efficient in running that entire bureaucracy.

  2. Dr. in the matrix that u provided the grade 2 not uses the MT in math , but below of it u explained that Mother Tongue is used as a Medium of Instruction (MOI) for Grades 1 and 2 for teaching Mathematics,

  3. to deped personnel…. i’m a hs teacher. can u give a copy of ur december 2013 MAPEH curriculum guide? pls… cuz i want have an advance search.

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