Mother Tongue Based Multilingual Education – The Lubuagan Experience


Norma Duguiang and Diane Dekker

(Presented at the 1st MLE Conference, “Reclaiming the Right to Learn in One’s Own Language,” Capitol University, Cagayan de Oro City, Feb 18-20, 2010.)

ABSTRACT:  In this paper, we describe the events that led to the initial implementation of the Lubuagan MTBMLE Program, the program plan and the achievement of students in the experimental and control classes as evaluation of the effectiveness of the program.


Lubuagan is located in the north end of the cordilleran mountains in Kalinga. We speak our own language in all domains of our lives except in school classrooms and church services. Many of us Lubuagan people are fluent in English and Filipino and Ilocano as well but we choose to use our own language in our homes and community. Our children grow up speaking Lilubuagan in our community and learn Filipino and English in school and Ilocano in wider society.

For the complete article, click on MTBMLE, Lubuagan Experience.

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