Briefer on the Enhanced K+12 Basic Education Program

Briefer on the “Salient Points on the Enhanced K+12 Basic Education Program” prepared by the Department of Education, November 2, 2010, and published in the Official Gazette of the Office of the President of the Philippines:

Q:  What is K+12?

A:  K+12 means Kindergarten and the 12 years of elementary and secondary education.

  • Kindergarten refers to the 5-year old cohort that takes a standardized kinder curriculum.
  • Elementary education refers to primary schooling that involves six or seven years of education
  • Secondary education refers to high school.

Q:  How are we planning to implement the K+12 program?

After considering various proposals and studies, the model that is currently being proposed by DepEd is the K-6-4-2 Model. This model involves Kindergarten, six years of elementary education, four years of junior high school (Grades 7 to 10) and two years of senior high school (Grades 11 to 12). The two years of senior high school intend to provide time for students to consolidate acquired academic skills and competencies.

Features of K 6-4-2

  1. Kindergarten and 12 years of quality basic education is a right of every Filipino, therefore they must be and will be provided by government and will be free.
  2. Those who go through the 12 years cycle will get an elementary diploma (6 years), a junior high school diploma (4 years), and a senior high school diploma (2 years).
  3. A full 12 years of basic education will eventually be required for entry into tertiary level education (entering freshmen by SY 2018-2019 or seven years from now).
  • An open and consultative process will be adopted in the development and implementation of K+12.
  • Change is two-fold: (a) curriculum enhancement and (b) transition management.

Q:  What is Senior High School?


  • 2 years of in-depth specialization for students depending on the occupation/career track they wish to pursue
  • Skills and competencies relevant to the job market
  • The 2 years of senior HS intend to provide time for students to consolidate acquired academic skills and competencies.
  • The curriculum will allow specializations in Science and Technology, Music and Arts, Agriculture and Fisheries, Sports, Business and Entrepreneurship.

Q:  What is the proposed implementation plan of DepEd?

Phases of Implementation:

  1. Universal kindergarten will be offered starting SY 2011-2012.
  2. DepEd will begin unclogging the basic education curriculum in SY 2012-2013.
  3. The enhanced 12-year curriculum will be implemented starting with incoming Grade 1 students of SY 2012-2013.
  4. Incoming freshmen of SY 2012-2013 will be the first beneficiary of a free Senior High School education that will be made available by DepEd in public schools beginning SY 2016-2017. Electives to be offered in Senior HS (arts, music, tech-voch..etc)

In implementing the K-6-4-2 proposal, DepEd will take into account the issues and concerns of all stakeholders, including the high school graduates before 2016. This will be done through regional consultations to begin early 2011. The mechanics and other details of the transition plan will be threshed out with HEIs in coordination with CHED, TESDA and other critical stakeholders.

Q:  Why add two more years?


  • To decongest and enhance the basic education curriculum
  • To provide better quality education for all
  • The Philippines is the only remaining country in Asia with a 10-year basic education program
  • K+12 is not new. The proposal to expand the basic education dates back to 1925.
  • Studies in the Philippines have shown that an additional year of schooling increases earnings by 7.5%.
  • Studies validate that improvements in the quality of education will increase GDP growth by 2% to 2.2%.
  • Minus 2 instead of plus 2 for those families who cannot afford a college education but still wish to have their children find a good paying job. Right now, parents spend for at least 4 years of college to have an employable child. In our model, parents will not pay for 2 years of basic education that will give them an employable child. In effect, we are saving parents 2 years of expenses. The plan is not “Plus 2 years before graduation” but “Minus 2 years before work
  • To inspire a shift in attitude that completion of high school education is more than just preparation for college but can be sufficient for a gainful employment or career.

Q: How much will this cost?


  • The immediate cost for the program will not be needed until 2016 when the first year of the two additional years is implemented.
  • Meanwhile, we will continue to close the resource gaps in basic education – the President ordered DepEd to its close resource gaps in 2 years.
  • At this time, we estimate the total funding requirement to procure all needed resources at P150 billion for:
  • 152,569 new classrooms
  • 103,599 more teachers
  • 95.6 million more books
  • 13.2 million seats

Q:  What will society gain from K+12?


  • K+12 will facilitate an accelerated economic growth.
  • K+12 will facilitate mutual recognition of Filipino graduates and professionals in other countries.
  • A better educated society provides a sound foundation for long-term socio-economic development.
  • Several studies have shown that the improvements in the quality of education will increase GDP growth by as much as 2%. Studies in the UK, India and US show that additional years of schooling also have positive overall impact on society.

Q:  Are private schools obliged to follow?

A: While we enjoy the support of private school associations, we are yet to discuss with them the implementation of the program.

Q:  Where are we at now?


  • Insufficient mastery of basic competencies is common due to a congested curriculum. The 12 year curriculum is being delivered in 10 years.
  • High school graduates are younger than 18 years old and lack basic competencies and maturity. They cannot legally enter into contracts and are not emotionally mature for entrepreneurship / employment.
  • Other countries view the 10-year education cycle as insufficient.

K+12 Education Vision

Graduates of Enhanced K+12 Basic Education Program will:

  • Acquire mastery of basic competencies.
  • Be more emotionally mature.
  • Be socially aware, pro-active, involved in public and civic affairs.
  • Be adequately prepared for the world of work or entrepreneurship or higher education.
  • Be legally employable with potential for better earnings.
  • Be globally competitive.
  • Every graduate of the Enhanced K+12 Basic Education Program is an empowered individual who has learned, through a program that is rooted on sound educational principles and geared towards excellence, the foundations for learning throughout life, the competence to engage in work and be productive, the ability to coexist in fruitful harmony with local and global communities, the capability to engage in autonomous critical thinking, and the capacity to transform others and one’s self.

40 thoughts on “Briefer on the Enhanced K+12 Basic Education Program

  1. the k+12 curriculum will be a help to our economic condition as well as the improvement of human will cater to the contemporary needs of society since we are exposed with so many problems..e.g; economic crises, etc…

      • some explanation??/
        wat further explanation r u searching for???
        the explanation is too much calear for everybody…

    • k+12 is just a burden on the part of many people especially those who are in the average and less-average class of living…
      how could k+12 help them to pursue their studies if the years and the expenses will continue to raise???

    • k+12 will just make the students mad and will not take their studies seriously anymore… k+12 could help the people upgrade the status of living if it is free and can sustain the needs of the students such as chairs, classrooms, etc. and if it could let the students practice not to be bored with their studies..

  2. I am just curious what are the effects of K+12 to colleges and universities? It seems that there will be a lot of negative effects to them. How will they cushion the negative effects?

  3. “The plan is not “Plus 2 years before graduation” but “Minus 2 years before work”. Personally I do not agree with this. If employers here in the philippines can accomodate a senior highschool graduate to work for them, that will be good but try to read newspaper classified ads! what is the minimum requirement for a utility / janitor worker, it stated on news papers at least two years college graduate! Can they consider the senior high graduate whose parent now does not have money because it will be spent to an extra highschool curriculum?

    • I think the requirements for every job will also change after 5 to 6 years from now. cause in that year the senior high will be implemented. And companies will consider the capabilities of senior high graduates.

  4. With the preexisting grade 7, here’s how I see it. Instead of today’s 6 years of grade school and 4 years of high school (6-4), we’ll end up with prep, seven years of grade school (Grade 1-7), four years of junior high school (grade 8-11) and two years of senior high school (Grades 12-13) (7-4-2). Thus assuming that students enter at age 6, they will enter college 19 years old rather than 16.

    The government will implement three, not two additional years of schooling as reform
    Before: 10 cramped years
    After: 13 years of education

    • K+12 = K+6+4+2 = 1 year kindergarten + 6 years elementary + 4 years junior high school + 2 years senior high school = 13 years of basic school

      If a child enters kindergarten after he turns 5 and he runs through the course normally, he’d be 18 by the time he finishes senior high school and the K+12 proponents figure that he’d be legally employable by then. Except, he’d have to compete with the glut of college graduates who’d be looking for jobs, too. With luck, our high school graduate may find a job. However, with most job opportunities requiring completion of college or some years of college, the bulk of high school graduates will have some tough time competing for those jobs.

      If our high school graduate has the intellectual stamina and financial wherewithal, college may be an option. For those who figure that college is not a viable option, they may find it helpful to consider other options as suggested in the following video:

  5. I can’t believe it! 150 billion pesos just for another two years in basic education!! Why don’t they use it to improve the over all quality of the ’10 cramped years’ of basic education? A lot of school in the whole country would definitely appreciate that instead of another two years of education.

  6. completely agree jeanen… i think k12 program is nonsense… the problem of the philippines is not the maturity of students… it is on how they implement education to students.. as of now according to my observations more and more HS students get dropped out from school just because they study to long and now they add 2 years more?..wew

    • halo!let us not just prejudice what our government is trying to improve our educational system. There’s nothing will happen if we will not help our own system. Let’s just hope that this program will prosper and we could be recognize by other countries.

  7. Masyado na tayong nakakulong sa mentalidad na kailangan nating maging katulad ng iba para umunlad. Kaya nga hanggang ngayon alipin pa rin tayo ng America eh.

  8. In my opinion, (I’m not arguing with anyone I just want to state and let you hear my opinion and have an open mind about it, regardless if your Pro or Against it) They are right in a way. As a student, growing up half in the Philippines and the current half here abroad, the major difference is that there’s major stress and pressure in getting things done in one year in the Philippines. There’s too much going on, too much subjects in one year. Here, in abroad we are taught step by step, nothings hurried. They say Philippines is more advanced when it comes to education, but the fact is they hurried everything in those 4 years of high school and i don’t think that they have retained what they’ve learned in those 4 years and in my opinion that’s money wasted if the hurried learning did not sink in the brain until you reach college. Also, stress and pressure does not help students to learn and do well, it can either motivate or in most cases demotivate students from learning which causes drop outs or failures. Regarding the point of the Philippine budget for this K12 education plan, I have no comment, we all know that it’s years corruptions that led us to major problems with budgets. Anyway, If it happens or not. We’ll find out soon.

    • I agree. Our 10-year curriculum is highly congested and it overloads kids. If my schooling experience had been unhurried, I might have enjoyed school more for I enjoy learning But the added pressure of learning everything at once was overwhelming so I stopped trying. I feel like I missed out on a lot of things because it wasn’t fun anymore. It’s a pity.

  9. Again, in my opinion, regarding the fact that, the high school graduates will be competing against the college graduates. Maybe, that’s the purpose, it might encourage those who did not want to get a college degree to have it instead, Or not. The whole thing is really based on a student’s attitude to education and wealth background .

  10. I think the government will focus on improving the quality of teachers teaching the subjects in elementary and high schools instead of adding2 more years of schooling because some teachers lack the necessary skills and competencies.they should undergo training and take advanced studies in the subjects they are teaching. Its not a matter of increasing the number of years what matters is how effectively teachers teach and handle their students intellectually and emotionally.We need dedicated, intelligent and concern teachers who will serve as models to their students. If we lack these adding more 2 years in basic education is just a waste of time and money.The government should also provide the resources, facilities, instructional materials, and equipment needed by teachers in their instruction because most of the time these are lacking in majority of elementary and high schools

    • yes! it’s correct but it can also be having k+12 for us to easy get job after schooling because we are already in the right age and they should also improve the quality of teachers teaching in the subjects in elementary and high schools together with the school facilities and adding more schools so that it will not be over crowded to have efficient learning.

  11. for me additional 2 years of basic education before the students can enter college is somehow a big interruption not only to the students themselves but also to their parents, As a parent, as much as possible we wanted to see our kids in their right tract for it will thus give relief to us. Somehow, it was already pre- programmed on our minds the number of years we are to invest for our kids education. Additional two years may mean lots lots of additional expenses and waiting. i hope the concerns for planning and implementing the proposed program will have determined the long time effect of the program. it cannot be just gone thru a dry run and later on be withdrawn for a reason.

  12. The problem of our country can not be blamed to just one sector or agency of our government. Each of us is accountable. The corrupt politicians, every employee who does not perform his job well (teachers, policemen, gov’t employees, etc), and irresponsible parents are all at fault. K-12 or any undertaking or move our government takes will only be successful if each citizen of the country will be positive about it. The problem with us Filipinos is being so pessimistic. We’re so good at complaining when all the while we have not even tried yet, or we have not done anything yet to be of help. Maybe before anything else, we should first ask ourselves: What have we done anyway to help the country? Have we been good students before? Are we a productive worker? Have we ever reached out to our neighbor to help, not by giving money but by helping them find themselves amidst confusions, give some inspirations and lighten up their burdens so they find hope and keep moving?

    • Let us not forget po that formation of every student begins at home and the role of home does not end when the child enters school. The country has a pool of quality teachers. The teachers could not make it alone when there is no follow up and support at home. Home and school must work hand-in-hand. The very big problem the teachers face in teaching is discipline,on how to impose discipline and the parents could help a lot on this matter.
      The additional two years will never be a waste of time if implemented very well. This will help a lot those indigent who could no longer afford tertiary education. And I don’t think so, that those who plan to pursue tertiary education and who really intend to learn not just to finish and get a job will mind the additional two years of basic education.
      Indeed, let us not hurry our education… let us not just send our children to school for them to finish school and find a job someday; rather, let us send them to school for them to learn and grow as a person, to see the beauty of life, to realize the value of life and everything inside and outside of them….let their experiences not be all about finishing the race and finding a job; but finding themselves, their way, their direction…:-)

  13. ok! implement k+12!….. but!…take note of poor classroom conditions and the lack thereof in some places; upgrade teacher competencies, supply our students sufficient and quality books, give attention to barrios where schools are not accessible to all….hhhaaayyyy!!! kawawang Pilipinas! ang bulok at corrupt na gobyerno, ang mga masa ang nagsasa-suffer!!! GISING!!!

    • Check my other website,, and explore the menu bar at the top. CK-12 is just one among so many linked resources for K-12. MERLOT and Khan Academy are among your best bets for technical digital textbooks AND educational videos — and they are FREE! You just have to have access to an internet-connected smartphone (iPhone or some android smartphones), an iPod Touch with wi-fi access, a tablet (an iPad or some android tablets, etc.), a laptop or a desktop. If your device and/or internet connection are slow, you might want to find out if your device can use Onlive to speed it up somewhat.

  14. nothing will happen to us if we keep on complaining, lets give K 12 a chance anyway the vision is for the greater good of the majority , lets not add more confussion to the confused minds of our brothers and sisters………..makabayan

  15. What is K12 for? I know it will bring money to the government etc. But as a student I think that K12 is well… NOT HELPFUL. =_=”
    First of all, the only people who would benefit from this is the government and the people who are above average class. The people who are low class and average will have a hard time to pay for the tuition and the requirements. Not only that, I think that a lot of students won’t be able to go to school anymore due to funding problems.
    Second, as a student I think that this would actually bore me to death. I’ve wasted my whole life in that school and I’ve been so nice to the teacher that is always mean to me and likes to humiliate me in front of the class. I don’t wanna see her face for 2 more years and what’s the point of adding 2 years in high school? We are already smarter than the foreign countries. Why can’t they just accept that Filipino people are just naturally smarter?
    Third, adding two years in high school won’t actually help you looking for a job. Common sense please? Who do you think they will pick? The person who graduated college or the person who graduated High school?
    Fourth, I don’t want any more stress in life.
    Last but not least, I had my whole life planned right in front of me but then K12 ruined it. Because of the law I won’t get to fulfill my dream… T^T
    I actually thought about committing suicide because I won’t be able to do what I want in life…
    Thanks a lot NOYNOY AQUINO… You just ruined my life…

    • I’m sorry you feel that way. I know you’re upset and I’m sure your dreams are important. Whatever they are, if they are worth reaching, you’ll achieve them at the right time. The thing is, once you finish school and you are not yet psychologically ready, you might miss school. The additional two years will do that. There is an option to switch schools aside from reporting that teacher who is verbally abusive to you to the proper authorities. There are laws now for that sort of thing. Killing yourself won’t solve anything. I suggest you find an interest that would give you joy and not make you feel as if everything is worthless. The fact that you can communicate through writing proves the opposite. Who knows, you may be able to channel that talent. You never know unless you try.

  16. why not add 2 years curriculum to BS Education instead.. para mas me quality yong mga school teachers specially in english and math subjects sa elementary and HS!

  17. K12….longer years of studying is not the answer….what we need is the changes in our curriculum…why wasted more time on irrelevant subject matters? like civics, history, etc….wherein we all knew that those time wasting subjects were not part of the corporate world….why not concentrate more on English Science Math….or technical vocational or livelihood subjects…(napapagod lang ang mga bata sa pagsasaulo ng mga aralin tungkol sa kasaysayan….sa job interview ba tatanungin pa kung saan pinanganak si Rizal, kailan ito namatay? hay naku…mag isip naman kayo…) mas mapapakinabangan pa ng mga bata kung ang ituturo ay mga pangkabuhayan na maari nilang pagkakitaan kahit di pa sila tapos mag-aaral ENTERPRENEURSHIP…

    • I think you’re wrong there. What if the job is in a historical society or museum? Questions about Rizal might be relevant. Besides, Filipinos tend to forget their history which makes us a people who lack such ideals as patriotism and nationalism. We tend to adhere to foreign products and services and consider them much superior. If we couldn’t appreciate our past how can we have a future? In my opinion, we wouldn’t be here without people like Rizal. Entrepreneurship is a good thing but if a student doesn’t have the inclination for such, then I think its irrelevant. We should have a more varied curriculum. And an unhurried one. And if the topic of Rizal is something that could enhance one’s skills, in whatever form that may be, than I think K-12 is the way to go.

  18. i think the k+12 plan is fine. i mean, they DID say that they were changing the curriculum. Because if you think about it, our current education model is STILL based on the u.s. one, except the fact that it’s 10 years. so those twelve years of study congested into 10 years results to the tiring amount of schoolwork we students have to do. compared to other countries which have 12 years or more, we students have to study for around 7 am to 5 pm, compared to schools abroad which are usually from 9 to 3. if we can unclog our curriculum, we would have less time in doing schoolwork and focus on other hobbies and skills. just my two cents.

  19. As a future Educator,it is indeed a big help not only to our system of education but the total impact of being a filipino, Why?
    it is because through k to 12 curriculum we can benefit much on the learning of our students.not only local but internationally acclaimed..Instead of saying bad things to deped let just support this because this is for our own sake not for others….gets?

  20. Please read the rationale of the k to 12 before you react….puro kayo mga reklamo kapag walang ginagawa ang gobyerno….tapos kapag may ginigawa naman ang gobyerno reklamo nanaman, anu ba talaga?..siguro wala sa k to 12 ang prob. na sa sainyo……Please lang, advocate K to 12 if you are a filipino…


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