Philippines: Multilingual Education (MLE) Mapping Data

Developed by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) Bangkok Office, the Multilingual Education (MLE) Mapping Data includes classroom language practises in pre-primary (PP) and primary/elementary (PR) levels in the following countries: AfghanistanBangladeshBhutanBrunei DarussalamCambodiaChinaFijiIndiaIndonesiaKiribatiLao PDRMalaysiaNepalPakistanPhilippinesSolomon IslandsThailandTimor-LesteVanuatu, and Vietnam.

The last item, Materials in classroom, for each organization/institution is an estimate of the number of titles developed and/or number of issues in print in the mother tongue (MT) for the classroom. We would recommend that the materials now in use be made public so that they are properly scrutinized with the end-in-view of improving them where they need improvement. This blog would welcome all implementers to publish their classroom materials right here. If there are some things common for certain languages, there just seems to be no point “reinventing” the teaching and learning materials being developed by each implementer (organization/institution). Let’s put together all the Ilocanos. Let’s put together all the Cebuanos, etc. See where each language group has some common characteristics among its implementers and then unify them wherever possible — instead of “rebooting” the experience whenever one group decides to come along. In other words, where it is possible to share valuable collective experience, by all means, let’s share.

Following is the reformatted version (to suit space requirements in this blog) of the UNESCO MLE Mapping Data for the Philippines:

Name of Organization/Institution:   LAKAS – Lakas ng Alyansa ng Katutubong Ayta sa Zambales (Alliance of Indigenous Ayta in Zambales)
Level of  Schooling:  Primary/elementary
Formal or Non-formal:  Non-formal education
Public or Private:  Private (community organization)
Which Languages:  Botolan Sambal (sbl)
Number of Children reached by level of schooling:  30 (SY 2010-2011)
Location:  Botolan, Zambales
Use of language in classroom:  Language of instruction is the mother tongue only.
Materials in classroom:  Sample farming tools, visual aids

Name of Organization/Institution: Katutubong Paaralan Ha Baytan (Indigenous School in Eastern Botolan)
Level of  Schooling: Pre-primary
Formal or Non-formal: Non-formal education
Public or Private: Private
Which Languages: Botolan Sambal (sbl)
Number of Children reached by level of schooling: 42 (SY 2010-2011)
Location: Botolan, Zambales
Use of language in classroom: Language of instruction is the mother tongue only.
Materials in classroom: Modules in Sambal, visual aids, indigenous calendar (Gatel), indigenous classroom, (Outside activities related to community life)

Name of Organization/Institution: Katutubong Paaralan Ha Baytan
Level of  Schooling: Primary/elementary
Formal or Non-formal: Formal education
Public or Private: Private (Church initiative)
Which Languages: Botolan Sambal (sbl), Filipino (fil)
Number of Children reached by level of schooling: 38 (SY 2010-2011)
Location: 
Use of language in classroom: Language of instruction (LOI) is the learners’ mother tongue (MT or L1)  and their second language (L2)
Materials in classroom: Lesson plan in Sambal, visual aids, indigenous calendar, indigenous materials in classroom

Name of Organization/Institution: Bonglo Daycare Center
Level of  Schooling: Pre-primary
Formal or Non-formal: Formal education
Public or Private: Private (Church initiative)
Which Languages: Kankanaey (kne), Ilocano (ilo), English (eng)
Number of Children reached by level of schooling: 28
Location: Atok, Benguet
Use of language in classroom: Language of instruction (LOI) is the learners’ mother tongue (MT or L1)  and their second language (L2)
Materials in classroom: Visual aids

Name of Organization/Institution:  Sapang Dako Day Care Center
Level of  Schooling: Pre-primary
Formal or Non-formal: Formal education
Public or Private: Private (University extension service)
Which Languages: Cebuano (ceb)
Number of Children reached by level of schooling: 40
Location:  Sapang Dako, Cebu City
Use of language in classroom: Language of instruction is the mother tongue only.
Materials in classroom: Visual aids

Name of Organization/Institution:  Klubi Kestifun Ne Kehebol Yom Ketngon
Level of  Schooling: Pre-primary, primary/elementary
Formal or Non-formal: Non-formal education classes every summer
Public or Private: Private (NGO)
Which Languages: Tboli (tbl), Hiligaynon (hil)
Number of Children reached by level of schooling: 28
Location: Klubi, Lake Sebu, South Cotabato
Use of language in classroom: Language of instruction is the mother tongue only.
Materials in classroom: Books in second language

Name of Organization/Institution: Sikat T’boli in Lake Sebu, South Cotabato
Level of  Schooling:  Primary/elementary

Formal or Non-formal:  Formal education
Public or Private:  Private (Indigenous Organization)
Which Languages: Tboli (tbl), Filipino (fil), Hiligaynon (hil)
Number of Children reached by level of schooling:  25
Location:  Lake Sebu, South Cotabato
Use of language in classroom:  Language of instruction is the mother tongue only.
Materials in classroom:  Modules, visual aids, work books

Name of Organization/Institution: Sildap Sidlakan
Level of  Schooling: Primary/elementary
Formal or Non-formal:  Formal education
Public or Private:  Private (Indigenous Organization)
Which Languages: Manobo, Dababawon (mbd), Cebuano (ceb), Filipino (fil), English (eng)
Number of Children reached by level of schooling:  40-50
Location:  Tagum City, Davao
Use of language in classroom:  Language of instruction (LOI) is the learners’ mother tongue (MT or L1)  and their second language (L2)
Materials in classroom:  Modules, lesson plans, visual aids, flash cards, indigenous foods, herbs, farming tools

Name of Organization/Institution:  School for Living Tradition (Federation of Pag-indo Project)
Level of  Schooling:  Primary/elementary
Formal or Non-formal:  Non-formal education
Public or Private:  Private (Indigenous Organization)
Which Languages: Mansaka (msk), Filipino (fil)
Number of Children reached by level of schooling:  30-35
Location:  Tagum City, Davao
Use of language in classroom:  Language of instruction is the mother tongue only.
Materials in classroom:  Indigenous cultural materials

Name of Organization/Institution:  Save the Children (implementer), Department of Education, Region 12 (partner)
Level of  Schooling:  Pre-primary, primary/elementary
Formal or Non-formal:  Formal Education in the government system
Public or Private: Public
Which Languages: Hiligaynon (hil), Tboli (tbl), Maguindanao (mdh)
Number of Children reached by level of schooling: 700 Grade 1 pupils are projected to be reached for the 1st year implementation of MLE
Location: Ten (10) elementary schools and communities in the provinces of sultan Kudarat and South Cotabato
Use of language in classroom: Language of instruction (LOI) is the learners’ mother tongue (MT or L1)  and their second language (L2)
& Second language (L2) is taught as second language, L3 is also taught as L3 (English)
Materials in classroom:  Variety of stage 1 reading materials – alphabet primers, big books, alphabet sharts and cards, listening stories, small books. The others still on the process of materials development

Name of Organization/Institution: CAR – 3rd Elementary Education Programme (TEEP) – funder*
Level of  Schooling: Primary/elementary
Formal or Non-formal: Formal education
Public or Private: Public
Which Languages: Lingua Franca (English, eng), Ilocano (ilo)
Number of Children reached by level of schooling:
Location: CAR (Cordillera Administrative Region)
Use of language in classroom:  Language of instruction (LOI) is the learners’ mother tongue (MT or L1)  and their second language (L2)**
Materials in classroom: 5,000 six titles

Name of Organization/Institution: Batanes – Third Elementary Education Programme (TEEP) – Funder*
Level of  Schooling:  Primary/elementary
Formal or Non-formal:  Formal education
Public or Private: Public
Which Languages: Ivatan (ivv)
Number of Children reached by level of schooling:
Location: Batanes, Region 02
Use of language in classroom:  Language of instruction (LOI) is the learners’ mother tongue (MT or L1)  and their second language (L2)**
Materials in classroom: 500, two titles

Name of Organization/Institution:  Roxas District, Oriental Mindoro, DepEd*
Level of  Schooling:  Primary/elementary
Formal or Non-formal: Formal education
Public or Private: Public
Which Languages: Cebuano (ceb), Mangyan
Number of Children reached by level of schooling:
Location: MIMAROPA (Occidental Mindoro, Oriental Mindoro, Marinduque, Romblon and Palawan), Region 4-B
Use of language in classroom:  Language of instruction (LOI) is the learners’ mother tongue (MT or L1)  and their second language (L2)**
Materials in classroom: Each teacher went home with 5 full boxes of IM

Name of Organization/Institution:  Lubuagan Kalinga*
Level of  Schooling:  Primary/elementary
Formal or Non-formal: Formal education
Public or Private: Public
Which Languages: Lubuagan Kalinga (knb)
Number of Children reached by level of schooling:
Location: Lubuagan, Kalinga
Use of language in classroom: Language of instruction (LOI) is the learners’ mother tongue (MT or L1)  and their second language (L2)**
Materials in classroom: Training held in NVSU for 2 summers. Each teacher went home with 5 full boxes of IM

Name of Organization/Institution: Natonin, Mt. Province – Government Office (Funder)*
Level of  Schooling:  Primary/elementary
Formal or Non-formal: Formal education
Public or Private: Public
Which Languages: Balangao (blw)
Number of Children reached by level of schooling:
Location: Natonin, Mt. Province
Use of language in classroom:  Language of instruction (LOI) is the learners’ mother tongue (MT or L1)  and their second language (L2)**
Materials in classroom: Each teacehr went home with 5-6 full boxes of IM

Name of Organization/Institution: Ifugao DepEd – Supt Estela Carino*
Level of  Schooling:  Pre-primary, Primary/elementary
Formal or Non-formal: Formal education (government)
Public or Private: Public
Which Languages: Tuwali Ifugao (ifk), Batad Ifugao (ifb), Ilocano (ilo)
Number of Children reached by level of schooling:
Location: Ifugao
Use of language in classroom: Language of instruction (LOI) is the learners’ mother tongue (MT or L1)  and their second language (L2)**
Materials in classroom: The superintendent will implement DepEd 74, s 2009 in June and has named 18 schools to implement the program. They will be provided with FLC-BP books. Seven titles including teacher’s manual

Name of Organization/Institution: Nueva Vizcaya DepEd – Supt Alma Bodino – Gov. Cuaresma (Funder)*
Level of  Schooling: Primary/elementary
Formal or Non-formal: Formal education, non-formal education
Public or Private: Public
Which Languages: Ilocano (ilo)
Number of Children reached by level of schooling:
Location:
Use of language in classroom: Language of instruction (LOI) is the learners’ mother tongue (MT or L1)  and their second language (L2)**
Materials in classroom: 3,000, six titles

Name of Organization/Institution: Paracelis DepEd – Cesar Rafael (+) – funder*
Level of  Schooling: Primary/elementary
Formal or Non-formal: Formal education (gov’t)
Public or Private: Public
Which Languages: Ilocano (ilo)
Number of Children reached by level of schooling:
Location: Paracelis, Mt. Province
Use of language in classroom: Language of instruction (LOI) is the learners’ mother tongue (MT or L1)  and their second language (L2)**
Materials in classroom: 6,000 six titles

Name of Organization/Institution: Puya-ao – Barangay Level*
Level of  Schooling: Primary/elementary
Formal or Non-formal: Formal education (gov’t)
Public or Private: Public
Which Languages: Balangao (blw)
Number of Children reached by level of schooling:
Location: Alunugan, Mt. Province
Use of language in classroom: Language of instruction (LOI) is the learners’ mother tongue (MT or L1)  and their second language (L2)**
Materials in classroom: 50, one title

Name of Organization/Institution: Quezon Municipality, Isabela – LGU*
Level of  Schooling: Primary/elementary
Formal or Non-formal: Formal education (gov’t)
Public or Private: Public
Which Languages: Ilocano (ilo)
Number of Children reached by level of schooling:
Location: Quezon, Isabela
Use of language in classroom: Language of instruction (LOI) is the learners’ mother tongue (MT or L1)  and their second language (L2)**
Materials in classroom: 200, one title

Name of Organization/Institution: Catholic Diocesan Schools, Bayombong, NV and Quirino*
Level of  Schooling: Primary/elementary
Formal or Non-formal: Formal education
Public or Private: Private
Which Languages: Ilocano (ilo)
Number of Children reached by level of schooling:
Location: Vizcaya and Quirino
Use of language in classroom: Language of instruction (LOI) is the learners’ mother tongue (MT or L1)  and their second language (L2)**
Materials in classroom: Seminar – workshop

Name of Organization/Institution: Bontoc Division – PTCA*
Level of  Schooling: Primary/elementary
Formal or Non-formal: Formal education
Public or Private: Public
Which Languages: Central Bontoc (bnc)
Number of Children reached by level of schooling: 
Location: Bontoc, MT. Province
Use of language in classroom:  Language of instruction (LOI) is the learners’ mother tongue (MT or L1)  and their second language (L2)**
Materials in classroom: Seminar workshops

Name of Organization/Institution: Region 02 (Experiment) – c/o Dr. Gloria Baguingan, NVSU (initiator), President, Marcelo Roquel – Bro. Andrew Gonzalez, DepEd, Dr. Teresita Domalanta, R-02 Director (implementer)*
Level of  Schooling: Primary/elementary
Formal or Non-formal: Formal education
Public or Private: Public
Which Languages: Ilocano (ilo)
Number of Children reached by level of schooling:
Location: Nueva Vizcaya, Quirino, Isabela, Cagayan, Batanes
Use of language in classroom: Language of instruction (LOI) is the learners’ mother tongue (MT or L1)  and their second language (L2)**
Materials in classroom: First drafts of the FLC-BP

Name of Organization/Institution: Ambaguio DepEd*
Level of  Schooling: Primary/elementary
Formal or Non-formal: Formal education
Public or Private: Public
Which Languages: Kayapa Kallahan (kak)
Number of Children reached by level of schooling:
Location: Nueva Vizcaya
Use of language in classroom: Language of instruction (LOI) is the learners’ mother tongue (MT or L1)  and their second language (L2)**
Materials in classroom: 35, one title

Name of Organization/Institution: Capatan Elmentary School*
Level of  Schooling: Primary/elementary
Formal or Non-formal: Formal education
Public or Private: Public
Which Languages: Itawit (itv)
Number of Children reached by level of schooling:
Location: Cagayan
Use of language in classroom: Language of instruction (LOI) is the learners’ mother tongue (MT or L1)  and their second language (L2)**
Materials in classroom: FLC-BP drafts

Name of Organization/Institution: Barlig Elementary School*
Level of  Schooling: Primary/elementary
Formal or Non-formal: Formal education
Public or Private: Public
Which Languages: Finallig (bkb)
Number of Children reached by level of schooling:
Location: CAR (Cordillera Administrative Region)
Use of language in classroom: Language of instruction (LOI) is the learners’ mother tongue (MT or L1)  and their second language (L2)**
Materials in classroom: Workshop

Name of Organization/Institution: NCR (National Capital Region) Manila*
Level of  Schooling: Primary/elementary
Formal or Non-formal: Formal education
Public or Private: Public
Which Languages: Filipino (fil)
Number of Children reached by level of schooling:
Location: NCR
Use of language in classroom: Language of instruction (LOI) is the learners’ mother tongue (MT or L1)  and their second language (L2)**
Materials in classroom: 50,000, one title

Name of Organization/Institution: Department of Education
Level of  Schooling: Pre-primary, Primary/elementary
Formal or Non-formal: Formal education
Public or Private: Public
Which Languages: Tagalog (tgl)
Number of Children reached by level of schooling: 1250
Location: Valenzuela City, Metro Manila
Use of language in classroom: Language of instruction (LOI) is the learners’ mother tongue (MT or L1)  and their second language (L2)
Materials in classroom: Yes, 85

Name of Organization/Institution: Apu Palamguwan Cultural Education Center (Implementer)
Level of  Schooling: Pre-primary, Primary/elementary
Formal or Non-formal: Formal education, Non-State Providers (NSP)
Public or Private: Private; the departmental order stabilizing the school leaves open the question as to whether “IP” school is an independent category (PW)
Which Languages: Binukid (bkd)
Number of Children reached by level of schooling: Pre-primary: Females (25) & Males (34) = 59, Primary/elementary: Females (63) & Males (83) = 146
Location: Malaybalay City, Bukidnon. Technically the city but is rural, 3 hours away
Use of language in classroom: Language of instruction is the mother tongue only & Second language (L2) is taught as second language, L3 (Filipino) is taught as a subject and is LOI for social studies. L4 (English) is taught as a subject.
Materials in classroom: 7 books, 19 stories, 24 essays

*Remarks: Data is from past experiences covering the period of 1995 – 2010. The modes of interactions with these organizations were seminar-workshops, training programs in the First Language Component-Bridging Program (FLC-BP) including provisions of FLC-BP grade I series books, and preschools. Today, I am still actively involved in the advocacy of the FLE-BP, as an approach to effectively implement MTBMLE.

**Legend:  The FLC-BP is a bridging program to better implement the Bilingual Education Policy of 1974. The First Language Component is just one part of the teaching-learning program and was never isolated from the teaching-learning experiences in the two primary medium of instruction as specified in the BEP of 1974 which are Filipino and English. Since Filipino children speak languages other than Filipino and English in their homes, this program was based on the pedagogical principle that teaching should proceed from the known (Tuwali, Ifugao / Ilocano) to the unknown (Filipino, English) and was therefore designed to build a bridge between what a child knows and what he doesn’t know. Several experiments have been undertaken in various languages and in all levels of basic education that proved, that using the child’s mother tongue as bridge to learn science, math and English which use English as the mode of instruction is effective.

2 thoughts on “Philippines: Multilingual Education (MLE) Mapping Data

  1. Hi. This is Kristy Bang from UNESCO Bangkok.

    We haven’t officially launched this data. This data is under hidden page for our MLE working group members to check and validate the data.
    It would be great if you could post this page when all our data is officially confirmed by our members.

    Thanks for your cooperation,
    Kristy

    • @Kristy Bang: Rest assured, Multilingual Philippines will publish all your data as soon as it is officially confirmed by your members. Hope you don’t mind my reformatting it to fit the blog width limitations. Send it and any MLE-related articles to joepadre@att.net.

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