Comparative analysis of actual language usage and selected grammar and orthographical rules for Filipino, Cebuano-Visayan and Ilokano: a Corpus-based Approach

By Joel P. Ilao, Timothy Israel D. Santos and Rowena Cristina L. Guevara 
Digital Signal Processing Laboratory
Electrical and Electronics Engineering Institute, University of the Philippines – Diliman,,

Paper presented at the 2nd Philippine Conference Workshop on
Mother Tongue-Based Multilingual Education (MTBMLE 2)
held February 16-18, 2012, at the Punta Villa Resort
Sto. Niño Sur, Arevalo, Iloilo City, Philippines


The implementation of Mother Tongue-Based Multilingual Education (MTBMLE) will require definitive rules for orthography and grammar. While there are such rules for some Philippine languages, there is a need to determine the agreement and points of departure between the rules and the usage to avoid confusion. This study makes an objective analysis of the levels of agreement, in terms of grammar and orthographic rules, between reference books and actual usage as evidenced from web-mined text corpora for three major Philippine languages, namely Filipino, Cebuano-Visayan and Ilokano. A list of language rules on grammar and orthography were selected from standard reference books for each of the aforementioned languages. Alternative forms of usage for each selected language rule were identified, and frequency counts were made, to be used as bases for a comparative analysis between the rules prescribed by standard reference books and actual language usage. The techniques used in this study are important in language education, serving to identify areas of confusion in language use in aspects of grammar and orthography.

Keywords: Orthography, Corpus Linguistics

To read the complete article, click on Ilao_Santos – Actual Language Usage and Selected Grammar and Orthographical Rules

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