GRADE 6 (Middle School): K to 12 Curriculum Guide – National Connections Academy

National Connections Academy’s (NaCA) full course listing below is a comprehensive look at every course available for the Grade 6 level. The push to get into the K to 12 basic education program was, to be charitable about it, in part because of the proponents’ desire to upgrade our basic education program to improve the quality/skills of our student output/graduates and in part to keep up with the Joneses. Well, the following is posted here to show us what the Joneses are doing.

WARNING!!!!! THE FOLLOWING GRADE 6 COURSE GUIDE BY NATIONAL CONNECTIONS ACADEMY – WHICH IS NOT SANCTIONED BY DEPED — IS BEING POSTED HERE FOR ILLUSTRATIVE PURPOSES ONLY:

Grade 6 Core Courses – Middle School

Health and Physical Education 6

Description:
Students participate in movement activities to enhance personal fitness and begin their study of health issues, including nutrition and the negative effects of alcohol and tobacco. Students explore ways to enhance their self-concept and fitness level and are introduced to a variety of fitness plans including yoga, an individual or team sport, or Connections Academy’s fitness plan.

Units:

Your Health and Wellness

In this unit, you will learn about the health triangle and find out about the difference between health and wellness. You will also identify the factors that influence health, skills that will help you stay healthy, and the importance of goals.

In this Physical Education portion of the lesson, you will learn about the The President’s Challenge. The President’s Challenge is a program created by the U. S. government that rewards students for being physically active and physically fit. You will learn about the history and guidelines of the Active Lifestyle Program, why staying active is important, and how to set activity goals and log results. By the end of this unit, you will have taken your first steps towards earning the Presidential Active Lifestyle Award.

Mental and Emotional Wellness

In this unit, you will learn about self-concept, the traits of having a good self-concept, and ways to show your good character. You will also find out about stress and how to manage your stress to stay healthy. At the end of the unit, you will learn about emotional problems, the warning signs of suicide, and help for emotional problems.

Healthy Relationships

In this unit, you will learn about different ways to communicate and how to be a better speaker. In lesson two you will describe different types of families, the ways families care for each other, and how to handle family problems. Then you will explore the qualities of good friends, and how to identify good character traits in your friends. At the end of the unit you will discover the reason for conflicts and how to protect yourself from violence.

Nutrition

In this unit, you will learn the six main classes of nutrients, what foods can be eaten to obtain nutrients, and what kinds of foods will keep you healthy according to the USDA food guidance system. You will find out how to choose healthy foods and analyze the key nutrients in a food product.

Personal Health

In this unit, you will learn about personal hygiene including, taking care of your teeth, hair, and skin. You will discover ways to care for your ears and eyes. You will also learn about consumer products and the influences of advertising. Toward the end of the unit, you will find out about health care in your community.

Your Body Systems

In this unit, you will identify the body’s building blocks, the major body systems, and ways to care for your body. You will look at the body systems, including the skeletal system and the muscular system, and find out how they work. You will also look at the digestive system and respiratory system and what they do to influence your health.

Tobacco

In this unit, you will learn about tobacco and they dangerous effects it has on the body. You will understand the influences on teens to try tobacco and the how to gather reliable information on teens and tobacco use. In the last lesson of this unit, you will learn about ways to say no to tobacco, how to quit smoking if you are addicted, and the rights of nonsmokers.

Alcohol and Other Drugs

In this unit, you will learn about alcohol and drugs. You will learn about why teens use alcohol and ways to help a friend avoid alcohol. You will learn the cycle of addiction, the dangers of drug use, and ways to say no to drugs.

CD/DVD

  • Elementary Yoga DVD (set of 2)

Course Sets

  • Health and Physical Education (6)

Lesson Manual/Course Guide

  • Get Fit Handbook

Online Text/eBook

  • iText Glencoe Teen Health: Course 1

Supplies

  • Jump rope

Art 6

Description:
This course focuses on how students can identify art in everyday life and in their surroundings. Students discover art forms from the items they find on their person, in their home, and in the community. They complete art history, art criticism, and art production activities with an American art focus. Through a variety of media, students create two- and three-dimensional art projects, emphasizing drawing, design, and functionality.

Units:

The Art Basics

In this unit, your student will explore basic drawing skills, the elements and principles of art, and basic aesthetics and criticism techniques. He will also explore the role of artists in culture and the role of perception in creating artworks. Your student will have the opportunity to design, draw, print, paint, and create a collage

Art and You

In this unit, your student will explore the art of textiles, accessories, and shoe design. She will also explore the clothing, fabrics, shoes, and accessories from a variety of cultures and time periods. Your student will have the opportunity to create textile designs, construct multi-media artworks, and complete interactive online activities.

Art in Your Home

In this unit, your student will explore the art of illustration, photography, portraits, containers, and furniture design. He will also explore illuminations, drawing techniques, and handbuilding techniques. Your student will have the opportunity to create a book cover, draw a portrait, build a clay container, and design a chair. He will continue to apply the steps of criticism as he describes, analyzes, interprets, and judges his own artwork.

Art in Your Community

In this unit, your student will explore public art, architecture, linear perspective, and symbols. Your student will have the opportunity to design a symbol, a façade, a public artwork, and create a drawing using one-point perspective.

Course Sets

  • Art (6)

Kit

  • Art 6 Kit

Online Text/eBook

  • iText Glencoe Introducing Art

Supplies

  • Drawing pad
  • Paint, tempera (set of 6 colors)
  • Paintbrushes (set of 5)
  • Pastels, oil (set of 12 colors)

Textbook

  • Glencoe Introducing Art †

Gifted and Talented Language Arts 6 A

Description:
In Gifted and Talented Language Arts 6A, the student works at an accelerated pace, while engaging in more complex and challenging instructional activities. Each unit focuses on a central question; the student will read, analyze, and interpret a variety of literature that informs his perspective about questions such as: What brings out the best in you?, What’s fair and what’s not?, and What makes you who you are? The student will develop his reading skills and expand his vocabulary while reading across the genres of nonfiction, fiction, poetry, and drama. The student will also self select literature for independent reading and choose either Journey to Topaz or Travels with Charley as his novel unit. The student will strengthen his mastery of the writing process and the six traits of writing as he composes personal, creative, and persuasive writing.

Units:

Why Do We Read?

In this unit, you will explore the Big Question: Why do we read? You will consider different aspects of why you read and why other people read. You will learn how to read informational media by using skills such as setting a purpose, previewing, summarizing, and reviewing what you have read. You will examine the text features and structure of newspaper and magazine articles, as well as read short stories, poems, and an excerpt from an autobiography. You will distinguish between action and linking verbs, and learn ways to use context clues to help you understand unknown words.

What Brings Out the Best in You?

In this unit, you will explore what brings out the best in people as you read autobiographical and biographical works, and write an autobiography. As you read, you will identify the author’s purpose and point of view, make predictions about and connections to different texts, identify key literary elements, and recognize and understand chronological order. As you write, you will describe events in chronological order, use reflexive and intensive pronouns, and revise your work to improve grammar.

What’s Fair and What’s Not?

In this unit you will explore the Big Question: What’s fair and what’s not? as you read and write persuasive pieces. As you read you will distinguish between fact and opinion, identify how the author’s style affects the reader, define and identify stereotype and bias, and assess the author’s evidence. As you write you will craft paragraphs that state a clear position, provide evidence to support your ideas, exclude information that is irrelevant, and revise your writing for word choice, tone, and style.

Journey to Topaz

In Journey to Topaz, Yuki Sakane, a young Japanese American Nisei living with her family in Berkeley, California, watches the FBI take her father for questioning after the Japanese bombing of Pearl Harbor. This is a story of the emotional and physical hardships endured by Japanese Americans in a time of fear, stereotyping, and war. Yuki represents hope and survival through the dark years of World War II. She is a positive soul reminding the reader of the country’s reaction to the war with Japan and the terrible injustice wrought upon its own citizens.Journey to Topaz is the recommended novel for Gifted and Talented Language Arts 6 A. Travels with Charley may be read instead of Journey to Topaz with prior teacher approval. Lessons and activities for Travels with Charley will appear on the lower half of the lesson pages.

Travels with Charley is a book of travel writing by John Steinbeck. It was published in 1962. John Steinbeck decides that he needs to get back in touch with the real America. He feels that he has been writing too much from his memory, and not enough from real experiences. With his dog, Charley, Steinbeck drives around the United States in a specially built pickup truck. The places he goes and the people he meets help him answer the question: What is America like? Steinbeck’s travels take him throughout the United States, all the way from the East Coast to the West Coast and back again. It is not always clear to him what he is accomplishing, but the book becomes a meaningful record of his thoughts, memories, and ideas.

What Makes You Who You Are?

In this unit, you will explore the Big Question: What makes you who you are? You will consider different aspects of who you are and examine the things that inspire you. You will learn how to read poetry by using skills such as evaluating, interpreting, connecting, and monitoring comprehension. You will examine sound devices, figurative language, symbolism, and rhythm in a variety of poems. You will also study word origins and learn how to ensure correct subject and verb agreement.

Course Sets

  • GT Language Arts (6)

Lesson Manual/Course Guide

  • Gifted Language Arts 6 A and B Course Guide

Novel

  • Journey to Topaz
  • Walk Two Moons

Online Text/eBook

  • iText Glencoe Literature: Course 1

Gifted and Talented Language Arts 6 B

Description:
In Gifted and Talented Language Arts 6B, the student will continue to work at an accelerated pace, while engaging in more complex and challenging instructional activities. As the student reads, analyzes, and interprets a variety of literature, the student will ponder answers to central questions such as: What makes a hero?, What can I learn from my mistakes?, and What makes a friend? The student will further develop his reading skills and expand his vocabulary while reading across the genres of nonfiction, fiction, poetry, and drama. The student will also self select literature for independent reading and choose either Walk Two Moons or Esperanza Rising as his novel unit. The student will strengthen his mastery of the writing process and the six traits of writing as he composes expository, creative, and research writing.

Units:

How Should We Deal with Bullies?

In this unit, you will explore the Big Question: How should we deal with bullies? You will read a story about how characters deal with a bully and then you will draw conclusions about the characters, ideas, and events in the story. You will analyze the plot structure of the story. You will also use different strategies to develop your own literary analysis of a story.

What Makes a Hero?

In this unit, you will explore the Big Question: What makes a hero? You will read about, compare, and analyze various fictional and real-life heroes. You will learn how to understand word origins, and use reading skills such as questioning, predicting, and analyzing. You will analyze the literary elements of folktales and fables and create your own fable.

What Can We Learn from Our Mistakes?

In this unit, you will explore the Big Question: What can we learn from our mistakes? You will read one story about a father and his family who learn what is really important from their mistakes, as well as other stories about people who do not learn from their mistakes. You will identify symbols in the stories, recognize how the narrators affect the stories, and evaluate the historical context of the stories. You will also write a personal narrative about a mistake that you have made.

What Makes a Friend?

In this unit, you will explore the Big Question: What makes a friend? You will read two plays that encourage you to evaluate the qualities of a good friend. As you read the plays, you will also identify the distinguishing features of a play, visualize the authors’ descriptions, and learn how to define jargon and clipped words. In addition, you will write a speech about a friend who is important to you.

Walk Two Moons

In Walk Two Moons, 13-year-old Salamanca “Sal” Hiddle narrates the story as she and her grandparents embark on a road trip from Euclid, Ohio, to Lewiston, Idaho. Sal, hurt and confused, struggles to accept the fact that her mother has left her and her father. The family heads to Lewiston, Idaho, where Sal hopes to be able to convince her mother to return home. While on the road, they stop to visit historic landmarks and experience the beautiful landscape of the Midwest. To pass the time in the car, Sal tells her grandparents a peculiar story about her best friend, Phoebe Winterbottom. It is this story within a story that helps Sal better understand her mother’s decision and begin to heal. This road trip changes their lives and impacts their family forever. In this unit, you will identify literary elements, analyze characters, and use comprehension strategies to make connections and draw conclusions.

Walk Two Moons is the recommended novel for Language Arts 8. Esperanza Rising may be read instead of Walk Two Moons with prior teacher approval. Lessons and activities for Esperanza Rising will appear on the lower half of the page. Do not proceed with Esperanza Rising unless you have received approval from your teacher.

In Esperanza Rising, twelve-year-old Esperanza Ortega and her family live on a sprawling ranch in Mexico. As the only child of a wealthy couple, she is showered with love and given the best of everything. After a series of tragic events, Esperanza immigrates to the United States and joins the large population of migrants heading to California to find work during the Great Depression. After settling in a farm camp in the San Joaquin Valley, tragedy strikes again, forcing Esperanza to develop the strength and perseverance needed to hold on to the new life to which she is beginning to adjust.

Course Sets

  • GT Language Arts (6)

Lesson Manual/Course Guide

  • Gifted Language Arts 6 A and B Course Guide

Novel

  • Journey to Topaz
  • Walk Two Moons

Online Text/eBook

  • iText Glencoe Literature: Course 1

Gifted and Talented Literature Study 6

Description:
The Junior Great Books® program employs the method of interpretive readings and discussion being known as the Shared Inquiry™ method. This distinctive approach to learning enables leaders—the teachers and Learning Coaches—to foster a vibrant environment in which a student acquires the habits and strategies of a self-reliant thinker, reader, and learner. Through their own curiosity and attentive questioning, leaders serve as partners in inquiry with the student, helping him work with other students to discover meaning in a reading selection and to build interpretations. The process reaches its fullest expression in Shared Inquiry discussion, where leaders and students think and talk about an interpretive question that arises from a particular story. Using LiveLesson® sessions, the student will interact with peers twice during each unit for Shared Inquiry and presentation of personal writing. The Junior Great Books program includes outstanding works of literature by award-winning authors. Praised for their rich language and international range, and chosen carefully for their ability to support multiple interpretations, the stories in Junior Great Books capture students’ attention and imagination and engage the best of their thinking. Progressing in reading level, conceptual complexity, and length throughout the series, the stories are the foundation for a thoughtful process of reading, discussion, and writing.

Units:

Through the Tunnel

In this unit, you will read “Through the Tunnel.” You will practice active reading by marking passages with notes to indicate contrasting ideas in the story. At the end of the first lesson, you will share your notes in a Shared Inquiry™ discussion of the story during a LiveLesson® session. In the second lesson, you will choose a writing assignment to complete that is connected to the story. You will share your writing with your teacher and your class during another LiveLesson session at the end of the unit.

Raymond’s Run

In this unit, you will read “Raymond’s Run.” You will practice active reading by marking passages with notes to indicate contrasting ideas in the story. At the end of the first lesson, you will share your notes in a Shared Inquiry™ discussion of the story during a LiveLesson® session. In the second lesson, you will choose a writing assignment to complete that is connected to the story. You will share your writing with your teacher and your class during another LiveLesson session at the end of the unit.

My Greatest Ambition

In this unit, you will read “My Greatest Ambition.” You will practice active reading by marking passages with notes to indicate contrasting ideas in the story. At the end of the first lesson, you will share your notes in a Shared Inquiry™ discussion of the story during a LiveLesson® session. In the second lesson, you will choose a writing assignment to complete that is connected to the story. You will share your writing with your teacher and your class during another LiveLesson session at the end of the unit.

A Likely Place

In this unit, you will read “A Likely Place.” You will practice active reading by marking passages with notes to indicate contrasting ideas in the story. At the end of the first lesson, you will share your notes in a Shared Inquiry™ discussion of the story during a LiveLesson® session. In the second lesson, you will choose a writing assignment to complete that is connected to the story. You will share your writing with your teacher and your class during another LiveLesson session at the end of the unit.

The Mysteries of the Cabala

In this unit, you will read “The Mysteries of the Cabala.” You will practice active reading by marking passages with notes to indicate mysterious events in the story. At the end of the first lesson, you will share your notes in a Shared Inquiry™ discussion of the story during a LiveLesson® session. In the second lesson, you will choose a writing assignment to complete that is connected to the story. You will share your writing with your teacher and your class during another LiveLesson session at the end of the unit.

Bad Characters

In this unit, you will read “Bad Characters.” You will practice active reading by marking passages with notes to indicate contrasting ideas in the story. At the end of the first lesson, you will share your notes in a Shared Inquiry™ discussion of the story during a LiveLesson® session. In the second lesson, you will choose a writing assignment to complete that is connected to the story. You will share your writing with your teacher and your class during another LiveLesson session at the end of the unit.

Chura and Marwe

In this unit, you will read “Chura and Marwe.” You will practice active reading by marking passages with notes to indicate contrasting ideas in the story. At the end of the first lesson, you will share your notes in a Shared Inquiry™ discussion of the story during a LiveLesson® session. In the second lesson, you will choose a writing assignment to complete that is connected to the story. You will share your writing with your teacher and your class during another LiveLesson session at the end of the unit.

Superstitions

In this unit, you will read “Superstitions.” You will practice active reading by marking passages with notes to indicate contrasting ideas in the story. At the end of the first lesson, you will share your notes in a Shared Inquiry™ discussion of the story during a LiveLesson® session. In the second lesson, you will choose a writing assignment to complete that is connected to the story. You will share your writing with your teacher and your class during another LiveLesson session at the end of the unit.

The Last Great Snake

In this unit, you will read “The Last Great Snake.” You will practice active reading by marking passages with notes to indicate contrasting ideas in the story. At the end of the first lesson, you will share your notes in a Shared Inquiry™ discussion of the story during a LiveLesson® session. In the second lesson, you will choose a writing assignment to complete that is connected to the story. You will share your writing with your teacher and your class during another LiveLesson session at the end of the unit.

Gaston

In this unit, you will read “Gaston.” You will practice active reading by marking passages with notes to indicate contrasting ideas in the story. At the end of the first lesson, you will share your notes in a Shared Inquiry™ discussion of the story during a LiveLesson® session. In the second lesson, you will choose a writing assignment to complete that is connected to the story. You will share your writing with your teacher and your class during another LiveLesson session at the end of the unit.

Soumchi (Chapters 1–5)

In this unit, you will read chapters 1–5 of “Soumchi.” You will practice active reading by marking passages with notes to indicate contrasting ideas in the story. At the end of the first lesson, you will share your notes in a Shared Inquiry™ discussion of the story during a LiveLesson® session. In the second lesson, you will choose a writing assignment to complete that is connected to the story. You will share your writing with your teacher and your class during another LiveLesson session at the end of the unit.

Soumchi (Chapters 6–7)

In this unit, you will read chapters 6–7 of “Soumchi.” You will practice active reading by marking passages with notes to indicate contrasting ideas in the story. At the end of the first lesson, you will share your notes in a Shared Inquiry™ discussion of the story during a LiveLesson® session. In the second lesson, you will choose a writing assignment to complete that is connected to the story. You will share your writing with your teacher and your class during another LiveLesson session at the end of the unit.

Course Sets

  • GT Literature Study 6

Textbook

  • JGB Series 6 Anthology Book One

Workbook

  • JGB Series 6 Activity Book

Language Arts 6 A

Description:
In Language Arts 6A, each unit focuses on a central question; the student will read, analyze, and interpret a variety of literature that informs his perspective about questions such as: What brings out the best in you?, What’s fair and what’s not?, and What makes you who you are? The student will develop his reading skills and expand his vocabulary while reading across the genres of nonfiction, fiction, poetry, and drama. The student will also self select literature for independent reading and choose either The Cay or Island of the Blue Dolphins as his novel unit. The student will strengthen his mastery of the writing process and the six traits of writing as he composes personal, creative, and persuasive writing.

Units:

Why Do We Read?

In this unit, you will explore the Big Question: Why do we read? You will consider different aspects of why you read and why other people read. You will learn how to read informational media by using skills such as setting a purpose, previewing, summarizing, and reviewing what you have read. You will examine the text features and structure of newspaper and magazine articles, as well as read short stories, poems, and an excerpt from an autobiography. You will also write a summary. Finally, you will distinguish between action and linking verbs and learn ways to use context clues to help you understand unknown words.

What Brings Out the Best in You?

In this unit, you will think about the Big Question: What brings out the best in you? You will read selections about people who faced great challenges and achieved notable accomplishments, such as Madam C. J. Walker and Satchel Paige. As you read autobiographical and biographical texts, you will apply skills such as using your prior knowledge of a topic, making personal connections, predicting, and questioning. You will also examine the features of short stories and poetry. Additionally, you will write an autobiographical narrative, learn how to use nouns and pronouns correctly, and learn ways to use synonyms, antonyms, and prefixes to help you understand unknown words.

What’s Fair and What’s Not?

This unit asks you to consider the Big Question: What’s fair and what’s not? You will read a variety of fiction and nonfiction selections that address this question, including speeches, articles, essays, and stories. As you read these texts, you will practice reading critically. Being a critical reader involves comprehension skills such as distinguishing between facts and opinions, noticing when an author is biased about a topic, and clarifying the meaning of a text. You will also learn vocabulary skills such as understanding a word’s connotations, synonyms, and shades of meaning. In this unit, you will also write a persuasive essay and learn about adjectives, adverbs, and other parts of speech.

The Cay

The Cay is narrated by Phillip Enright, a young American ex-patriot who has moved to the island of Curaçao with his parents. His family relocated to the island following the outbreak of World War II, when Phillip’s father was recruited to work for an oil company and support the war effort. However, when the Germans invade Curaçao, Phillip and his mother try unsuccessfully to return to the United States. Their ship is torpedoed and Phillip finds himself on a raft with a stranger with whom he has nothing in common. When the two arrive on a deserted island, Phillip and his fellow castaway must learn to work together because their survival depends on it. In this unit, you will identify literary elements, analyze characters, and use comprehension strategies to make connections and draw conclusions.The Cay is the recommended novel for Language Arts 6. Scott O’Dell’s novel Island of the Blue Dolphins may be read instead of The Cay with prior teacher approval. Lessons and activities for Island of the Blue Dolphins will appear on the lower half of the page. Do not proceed with Island of the Blue Dolphins unless you have received approval from your teacher.
In Island of the Blue Dolphins, Twelve-year old Karana and the people of her native tribe live on a small island in the Pacific Ocean. Their lives are changed forever after strangers come to the island to hunt sea otter. She and her brother are left behind when the islanders head east in search of a better life. Now Karana must figure out how to survive despite loneliness, harsh living conditions, and the vicious wild dogs that are a constant threat. Karana’s courage, perseverance, and intelligence help her discover new things about herself and the place she has always called home.

What Makes You Who You Are?

In this unit, you will think about the Big Question: What makes you who you are? You will read poems and short stories in which different writers consider this question. These texts will help you learn how to visualize what is happening in a poem or story, interpret an author’s meaning, and monitor your reading comprehension. You will also learn about elements of poetry, such as figurative language, and apply this knowledge when you write a poem. You will continue learning about how to use context clues to understand unfamiliar words. Finally, you will learn about sentences, sentence fragments, subjects, predicates, and objects.

Course Sets

  • Language Arts (6)

Lesson Manual/Course Guide

  • Language Arts 6 A and B Course Guide

Novel

  • The Cay
  • Walk Two Moons

Online Text/eBook

  • iText Glencoe Literature: Course 1

Language Arts 6 B

Description:
In Language Arts 6B, the student will continue to explore central questions in each unit. As he reads, analyzes, and interprets a variety of literature, he will ponder answers to questions such as: What makes a hero?,What can I learn from my mistakes?, and What makes a friend? The student will further develop his reading skills and expand his vocabulary while reading across the genres of nonfiction, fiction, poetry, and drama. The student will also self select literature for independent reading and choose either Walk Two Moons or Esperanza Rising as his novel unit. The student will strengthen his mastery of the writing process and the six traits of writing as he composes expository, creative, and research writing.

Units:

How Should We Deal with Bullies?

In this unit, you will explore how to deal with bullies. You will read stories, poems, and articles addressing this question. You will learn how to read various kinds of text, including graphic stories and Web sites. By using skills such as drawing conclusions, understanding sequence and causal relationships, and paraphrasing and summarizing, you will learn how to analyze the texts you have read. You will also write a short story. Finally, you will learn about phrases, clauses, and how to use word structure to help you understand unknown words.

What Makes a Hero?

This unit asks you to consider the traits of a hero. You will read a variety of fiction and nonfiction selections about heroes in many different situations, ranging from heroes in ancient myths to modern heroes. As you read these texts, you will practice reading comprehension skills such as using prior knowledge, comparing and contrasting, and predicting. You’ll also learn about the elements of folktales, fantasy stories, and myths, and how to understand these stories in the context of the culture they emerged from. In this unit, you will learn about the origins of English words, including the many words that came from other languages. You will also write a fable and learn about capitalization, commas, run-on sentences, and sentence combining.

What Can We Learn from Our Mistakes?

In this unit, you will think about the Big Question: What can we learn from our mistakes? You will read historical fiction and nonfiction selections addressing this question. As you read these texts, you will apply skills such as synthesizing, or putting information and ideas together, and evaluating texts. Additionally, you will write a personal narrative, learn about subject-verb agreement, and learn ways to use word roots to help you understand unknown words.

What Makes a Friend?

This unit asks you to consider what qualities make a friend. You will read short stories and dramas that address this question. As you read these texts, you will practice skills that help you understand fiction, such as visualizing and making predictions. You will also learn about the elements of drama, such as dialogue and stage directions. Learning about different aspects of speech, such as dialect and idioms, will help you learn to understand unfamiliar words and expressions. In this unit, you will also write a speech and learn about punctuation marks such as hyphens and semicolons.

Walk Two Moons

In Walk Two Moons, 13-year-old Salamanca “Sal” Hiddle narrates the story as she and her grandparents embark on a road trip from Euclid, Ohio, to Lewiston, Idaho. Sal, hurt and confused, struggles to accept the fact that her mother has left her and her father. The family heads to Lewiston, Idaho, where Sal hopes to be able to convince her mother to return home. While on the road, they stop to visit historic landmarks and experience the beautiful landscape of the Midwest. To pass the time in the car, Sal tells her grandparents a peculiar story about her best friend, Phoebe Winterbottom. It is this story within a story that helps Sal better understand her mother’s decision and begin to heal. This road trip changes their lives and impacts their family forever. In this unit, you will identify literary elements, analyze characters, and use comprehension strategies to make connections and draw conclusions.

Walk Two Moons is the recommended novel for Language Arts 8. Esperanza Rising may be read instead of Walk Two Moons with prior teacher approval. Lessons and activities for Esperanza Rising will appear on the lower half of the page. Do not proceed with Esperanza Rising unless you have received approval from your teacher.

In Esperanza Rising, twelve-year-old Esperanza Ortega and her family live on a sprawling ranch in Mexico. As the only child of a wealthy couple, she is showered with love and given the best of everything. After a series of tragic events, Esperanza immigrates to the United States and joins the large population of migrants heading to California to find work during the Great Depression. After settling in a farm camp in the San Joaquin Valley, tragedy strikes again, forcing Esperanza to develop the strength and perseverance needed to hold on to the new life to which she is beginning to adjust.

Course Sets

  • Language Arts (6)

Lesson Manual/Course Guide

  • Language Arts 6 A and B Course Guide

Novel

  • The Cay
  • Walk Two Moons

Online Text/eBook

  • iText Glencoe Literature: Course 1

Gifted and Talented Math 6 (Pre-Algebra) A

Description:
In this course, the student will be introduced to basic algebraic principles. The student will review properties of expressions and integers. The student will solve one-step equations and inequalities with positive and negative integers, decimals, fractions, and exponents. Then the student will explore problems involving operations of fractions and will apply knowledge of algebra to solve real-world ratio, proportion, and percentage problems. Finally, the student will examine and evaluate two-step and multi-step equations and inequalities.

Math 6 A

Description:
In this course, the student will use the four operations with decimals and fractions, and the student will study patterns and variables as a precursor to solving equations and inequalities. The study of number theory will help the student understand divisibility, prime numbers, factors, and multiples. The student will also explore the basics of statistics and learn to create, analyze, and interpret graphs.

Units:

Whole Numbers and Decimals

In this unit, you will learn how to identify the place value of whole numbers and decimals, which you will then apply to comparing and ordering these types of numbers. You will apply estimation strategies as well as the properties of addition and multiplication as tools for solving problems. Also, you will learn how to use the order of operations to simplify numerical expressions. You will find the answers of addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division problems using whole numbers and decimals. Finally, you will learn and apply the four-step problem-solving strategy.

Data and Graphs

In this unit, you will learn how to calculate the mean, median, mode, and range for a given set of data. You will also practice reading and creating a variety of visual representations of data, such as frequency charts, line plots, line graphs, bar graphs, box-and-whisker plots, double bar graphs, histograms, and stem-and-leaf plots. In addition, you will identify how graphs and statistics can be misleading. Finally, you will learn what makes a statistical question. This unit’s portfolio assignment is to develop a double-bar graph.

Patterns and Variables

In this unit, you will be learning about patterns, expressions, and eqations. First, you will be discovering numerical patterns and identifying the rule for the pattern, followed by using exponents to simplify certain numerical expressions. Then, you will be using variables to represent unknown numbers in expressions and equations. Next, you will learn what an equation is and the different strategies to solve it. Then, you will learn another property, the Distributive Property, which provides another strategy for solving more complex computation problems. Finally, you will continue to develop your problem-solving skills by submitting a portfolio assignment in which you will be writing an equation and solving it after reading a word problem.

Number Theory and Fractions

In this unit, you will be applying your multiplication and division skills to identify factors, prime factorization, and multiples of numbers. This unit’s portfolio assignment will consist of finding a variety of numbers and identifying the prime factorization of each number. Also, you will apply the Distributive Property to create equivalent numerical and algebraic expressions. In the area of fractions, you will apply your skills of finding factors and multiples to find equivalent fractions, simplify fractions, and identify the least common denominator. You will also practice converting between various forms, such as mixed numbers into improper fractions and fractions into decimals.

Adding and Subtracting Fractions

In this unit, you will be rounding and estimating sums and differences of fractions and mixed numbers. Then you will calculate the actual sums and differences of fractions with like and unlike denominators. Next, you will apply your skills in solving addition and subtraction problems with mixed numbers, sometimes needing to rename the mixed number. Also, you will be solving addition and subtraction equations with fractions and mixed numbers. Finally, you will solve problems that use elapsed time, and apply these skills by completing a portfolio assignment with real-world scenarios.

Multiplying and Dividing Fractions

In this unit, you will apply your multiplication and division skills to fractions and mixed numbers. First, you will learn how to multiply whole numbers, fractions, and mixed numbers. Next, you will learn how to identify the reciprocal of a number and use that when dividing fractions and mixed numbers. Then you will use your problem-solving skills to solve equations with fractions. Finally, you will learn about the customary system of measurement and how to convert from one unit to another.

Math 6 B

Description:
In this course, the student will explore the foundations of geometry, such as classifying polygons, and use measurement skills to find the perimeter, area, and volume of geometric figures. Then the student will study basic probability and explore permutations. By the end of the course, the student will work with integers using all four operations, solve equations and inequalities, and solve problems using the Pythagorean Theorem.

Units:

Ratios, Proportions, and Percents

In this unit, you will identify and write ratios to show the comparison between two amounts. Then you will use what you learned about ratios to generate equivalent ratios, find unit rates, and solve proportions. Next, you will learn how to write a percent when given a fraction or decimal. Finally, you will apply what you learned about percents to find the percent of a number, interpret circle graphs, and calculate various percentages found in everyday living.

Tools of Geometry

In this unit, you will classify lines, angles, and polygons by their size, shape, or orientation. You will calculate the missing angle measure when given the remaining angle measurements, particularly in a triangle or quadrilateral. You will distinguish between shapes that are congruent and shapes that are similar. Next, you will learn about line symmetry. Then, you will learn about transformations, which include translations, reflections, and rotations. For your portfolio assignment, you will apply the skills that you learned in this unit to decorate a bedroom.

Geometry and Measurement

In this unit, you will learn the different units of measurement in the metric system and convert among units. Then, you will find the perimeter and area of polygons. Next, you will find the perimeter and area of circles. Later in the unit, you will learn about three-dimensional figures and how to find the surface area and volume of rectangular prisms. As your portfolio assessment, you will be required to locate 5 circles and 5 rectangular prisms in your home, and use their dimensions to calculate circumference, area, and volume.

Integers

In this unit, you will be working with integers. You will learn what an integer is and how to find the absolute value of integers. Then you will compare integers as well as order them from least to greatest. Next, you will work on your computation skills by adding, subtracting, multiplying, and dividing integers. Then you will solve equations with integers. Finally, you will learn real-world applications for integers and complete a portfolio assignment in which you will not only answer questions in regards to integers, but also find the mean and median of the data as well as graphing the data.

Graphing, Equations, and Inequalities

In this unit, you will be learning about graphing, functions, two-step equations, and inequalities. First, you will plot points in any of the four quadrants on the coordinate plane, and draw polygons in the coordinate plane when given a set of ordered pairs. Then you will identify missing values in a function table, find the rule for the function, and graph it. Next, you will solve two-step equations. Finally, you will write, graph, and solve inequalities. For your portfolio assignment, you will apply your knowledge of graphing polygons, functions, and inequalities.

Exploring Probability

In this unit, you will be developing your skills in the area of probability. You will learn strategies to count the number of possible outcomes and then apply these skills to identify the probability of an event. Then you will be calculating the theoretical and experimental probability of events. For your portfolio assignment, you will be working on identifying the theoretical and experimental probability of certain situations and identifying the difference in the results. You will also see how the number of trials may affect the experimental probability. Next, you will use your prediction skills to predict the probability of an event using data. Finally, you will identify the probability of independent events, such as flipping a coin twice.

Gifted and Talented Science 6 A

Description:
Students learn how science is around them everyday. Through interactive labs and engaging assignments, students discover the key elements of Earth, life, and physical sciences. The nature of matter is explored, covering the properties of a simple atom to those of more complex molecules. Energy and motion are also introduced, and a biology unit examines organisms and the principles of heredity. Units on Earth and space science provide detailed information about the planet, the universe, and the relationships between them.

Units:

The Nature of Science

You often act like a scientist. Can you think of when? You act like a scientist any time you make observations and ask questions. Scientists do that constantly. Then they collect and analyze data and come up with a hypothesis—or idea about “why something happens.” Next they make some type of model to help them prove or disprove their hypothesis. So, whenever you wonder why something is or how it works—and you think of a way to figure it out—you are acting like a scientist.

In this introductory unit, you will explore the nature of science and learn how to design and conduct experiments—that is, you will be using the scientific method. Through the reading assignments, you will begin to understand what a scientist does.

The Nature of Matter

In this unit, you will explore the nature of matter. You will begin by studying the four different states of matter: solid, liquid, gas, and plasma. You will identify physical and chemical properties in matter while conducting your first experiment, Fruit Salad Favorite. During this investigation, you will rely on knowledge of scientific experimentation gained from the previous unit.

Since matter can be broken down into smaller parts, you will complete a reading selection that covers atoms and subatomic particles, such as electrons. The periodic table of elements is also introduced in this unit. You will identify the differences among metals, nonmetals, and metalloids, and you will learn how compounds and mixtures are created.

Interactions of Matter

Energy can be transferred or transformed. When you feel tired or hungry or both, it is a sign that energy stored in your body is being used. In this unit, you will explore energy transfer while comparing and contrasting potential energy and kinetic energy.

This unit also focuses on the concept of motion. You will consider Newton’s three laws of motion as you conduct your second science experiment. Be sure that you carefully read the sections of your textbook that cover speed, velocity, and acceleration, as these definitions can be easily confused.

Throughout the unit you will use the concepts that you are studying and develop a plan for a trip to a local destination or a far away vacation. This unit project will be completed as you progress through the unit, and will be turned in during Lesson 10, the unit review.

Electricity and Magnetism

Have you ever received a shock from static electricity? When objects gain or lose electrons, they become electrically charged. Walk across a carpet in your socks, and electrons will jump from the carpet to you. Now touch a doorknob and—ZAP! The first reading assignment in this unit explains electrical charges, conductors, insulators, and static electricity.

The second part of this unit covers waves and wave behavior. Properties of waves—such as amplitude, frequency, and wavelength—are also covered in this unit. By the end of the unit, you will have a better understanding of waves, their properties, and their behavior.

Earth’s Changing Surface: Part 1

In this unit, you will explore rocks, minerals, and various movements that occur on Earth’s surface. You will become familiar with mineral classification as you conduct an experiment with your own mineral samples. Because minerals are sometimes difficult to identify, you will study how geologists perform mineral tests before trying to identify your own samples.

This unit also covers the three types of rocks: igneous, sedimentary, and metamorphic. You will learn how the different rock types form, how Earth is structured, and why Earth’s crust is in constant motion. If you choose to complete the optional Launch Lab, you will have the opportunity to create your own 3-D model of Earth.

Course Sets

  • GT Science (6)

Kit

  • Science 6 Kit

Lesson Manual/Course Guide

  • Gifted and Talented Science 6 A and B Course Guide

Online Text/eBook

  • iText Glencoe Science: Level Red

Supplies

  • Compass
  • Goggles, safety
  • Magnet, bar (set of 2)
  • Thermometers (4)

Gifted and Talented Science 6 B

Description:
Students learn how science is around them everyday. Through interactive labs and engaging assignments, students discover the key elements of Earth, life, and physical sciences. The nature of matter is explored, covering the properties of a simple atom to those of more complex molecules. Energy and motion are also introduced, and a biology unit examines organisms and the principles of heredity. Units on Earth and space science provide detailed information about the planet, the universe, and the relationships between them.

Units:

Earth’s Changing Surface: Part 2

Have you ever wondered how tornadoes form or why oceans are salty? In Part 2 of Earth’s Changing Surface, you will discover answers to these questions as you read about Earth’s atmosphere and oceans. This unit explains the water cycle and illustrates how different types of severe weather form.

The last few lessons in this unit address the field of oceanography. These lessons cover ocean currents, waves, and different organisms that live in ocean environments. As you complete the assessments in this unit, see if you can determine how Earth’s atmosphere and oceans interact.

Beyond Earth

Are you ready to travel into outer space? This unit will take you on a tour around the solar system, introducing you to early space missions and what space exploration may be like in the future. You will study the planets of the solar system and also learn about dwarf planets, comets, meteorites, and stars.

When you complete this unit, you will be able to describe the relationships among Earth, the moon, and the sun. You will also be able to explain why Earth has seasons and why the moon has phases.

Life’s Diversity: Part 1

Earth is home to many different types of organisms. Throughout this unit, you will explore plants, animals, and the one thing all organisms are made of: cells. Cells are the smallest units of life. They are so small that you can only see them under a microscope. A scientist by the name of Robert Hooke discovered cells in 1665. His discovery greatly contributed to the development of the cell theory, which you will read about in this unit.

Animals can be sorted into two main groups: vertebrates and invertebrates—that is, organisms with or without backbones. In this unit, you will investigate different types of invertebrates. You will complete reading assignments that cover sponges, cnidarians, flatworms, roundworms, mollusks, segmented worms, arthropods, and echinoderms. You will learn about vertebrates in the next unit.

Life’s Diversity: Part 2

In the last unit, you learned about invertebrates. In this unit, you will study vertebrates. Vertebrates are also known as chordates. Did you know that fish make up the largest group of chordates? In this unit, you will discover the three main types of fish—bony, jawless, and cartilaginous—and how they are unique.

In addition to fish, you will learn about other vertebrates, including amphibians, reptiles, birds, and mammals—the class that includes humans. You will conduct a science experiment to investigate how different systems in the human body allow you to perform specific tasks, such as catching a ball or writing a letter. Finally, you will explore the reproductive system and learn why DNA is essential to life.

Life and the Environment

The final unit in this course explores relationships between organisms and their natural surroundings. You may not realize how much of an impact you have on the environment. Things you do every day can affect the environment in different ways. Activities such as recycling and tree planting have a positive effect on the environment; however, other activities, like littering and even driving, can be harmful to the environment.

In this unit, you will learn about Earth’s natural resources and how energy flows through an ecosystem. You will learn about different forms of pollution and will calculate the amount of water you use at home over the course of three days. By the end of this unit, you will have an understanding of how important natural resources are to life on Earth.

Course Sets

  • GT Science (6)

Kit

  • Science 6 Kit

Lesson Manual/Course Guide

  • Gifted and Talented Science 6 A and B Course Guide

Online Text/eBook

  • iText Glencoe Science: Level Red

Supplies

  • Compass
  • Goggles, safety
  • Magnet, bar (set of 2)
  • Thermometers (4)

Science 6 A

Description:
Students learn how science is around them everyday. Through interactive labs and engaging assignments, students discover the key elements of Earth, life, and physical sciences. The nature of matter is explored, covering the properties of a simple atom to those of more complex molecules. Energy and motion are also introduced, and a biology unit examines organisms and the principles of heredity. Units on Earth and space science provide detailed information about the planet, the universe, and the relationships between them.

Units:

The Nature of Science

You often act like a scientist. Can you think of when? You act like a scientist any time you make observations and ask questions. Scientists do that constantly. Then, they collect and analyze data and come up with a hypothesis—an idea about “why something happens.” Next they make some type of model to help them prove or disprove their hypothesis. So, whenever you wonder why something is or how it works—and you think of a way to figure it out—you are acting like a scientist.

In this introductory unit, you will explore the nature of science and learn how to design and conduct experiments—that is, you will be using the scientific method. Through the reading assignments, you will begin to understand what a scientist does.

The Nature of Matter

In this unit, you will explore the nature of matter. You will begin by studying the four different states of matter: solid, liquid, gas, and plasma. You will identify physical and chemical properties in matter while conducting your first experiment, Fruit Salad Favorite. During this investigation, you will rely on the knowledge of scientific experiments that you learned previously.

Since matter can be broken down into smaller parts, you will complete a reading selection that covers atoms and subatomic particles, such as electrons. The periodic table of elements is also introduced in this unit. You will identify the differences among metals, nonmetals, and metalloids, and you will learn how compounds and mixtures are created.

Interactions of Matter

Energy can be transferred or transformed. When you feel tired or hungry or both, it is a sign that energy stored in your body is being used. In this unit, you will explore energy transfer while comparing and contrasting potential energy and kinetic energy.

This unit also focuses on the concept of motion. You will consider Newton’s three laws of motion as you conduct your second science experiment. You will also learn about the difference between speed, velocity, and acceleration.

Throughout the unit, you will use the concepts you learn to plan a trip or vacation.

Electricity and Magnetism

Have you ever received a shock from static electricity? When objects gain or lose electrons, they become electrically charged. Walk across a carpet in your socks, and electrons will jump from the carpet to you. Now touch a doorknob and—ZAP! The first reading in this unit explains electrical charges, conductors, insulators, and static electricity.

The second part of this unit covers waves and wave behavior. Properties of waves—such as amplitude, frequency, and wavelength—are also covered in this unit. By the end of this unit, you will have a better understanding of waves, their properties, and their behavior.

Earth’s Changing Surface: Part 1

In this unit, you will explore rocks, minerals, and various movements that occur on Earth’s surface. You will become familiar with mineral classification as you conduct an experiment with your own mineral samples. Because minerals are sometimes difficult to identify, you will study how geologists perform mineral tests before trying to identify your own samples.

This unit also covers the three types of rocks: igneous, sedimentary, and metamorphic. You will learn how the different rock types form, how Earth is structured, and why Earth’s crust is in constant motion. If you choose to complete the optional Launch Lab, you will have the opportunity to create your own 3-D model of Earth.

Course Sets

  • GT Science (6)

Kit

  • Science 6 Kit

Lesson Manual/Course Guide

  • Gifted and Talented Science 6 A and B Course Guide

Online Text/eBook

  • iText Glencoe Science: Level Red

Supplies

  • Compass
  • Goggles, safety
  • Magnet, bar (set of 2)
  • Thermometers (4)

Science 6 B

Description:
Students learn how science is around them everyday. Through interactive labs and engaging assignments, students discover the key elements of Earth, life, and physical sciences. The nature of matter is explored, covering the properties of a simple atom to those of more complex molecules. Energy and motion are also introduced, and a biology unit examines organisms and the principles of heredity. Units on Earth and space science provide detailed information about the planet, the universe, and the relationships between them.

Units:

Earth’s Changing Surface: Part 2

Have you ever wanted the freedom to carry out your own experiments and make your own discoveries in science? Have you ever wondered how tornadoes form or why oceans are salty? Are you curious as to how meteorologists can seemingly predict the future of weather? In Part 2 of Earth’s Changing Surface, you will have the opportunity to start your own science investigation. You will also discover answers to the weather questions above as you read about Earth’s atmosphere and oceans. This unit will help you learn about the water cycle, how different types of severe weather form, and how weather is forecasted.

The last few lessons in this unit address the field of oceanography. These lessons cover ocean currents, waves, and different organisms that live in ocean environments. As you complete the assessments in this unit, see if you can determine how Earth’s atmosphere and oceans interact.

Beyond Earth

Are you ready to travel into outer space? This unit will take you on a tour around the solar system, introducing you to early space missions and what space exploration may be like in the future. You will study the planets of the solar system and also learn about dwarf planets, comets, meteorites, and stars.

When you complete this unit, you will be able to describe the relationships among Earth, the moon, and the sun. You will also be able to explain why Earth has seasons and why the moon has phases.

Life’s Diversity: Part 1

Earth is home to many different types of organisms. Throughout this unit, you will explore plants, animals, and the one thing all organisms are made of: cells. Cells are the smallest units of life. They are so small that you can only see them under a microscope. A scientist by the name of Robert Hooke discovered cells in 1665. His discovery greatly contributed to the development of the cell theory, which you will read about in this unit.Animals can be sorted into two main groups: vertebrates and invertebrates—that is, organisms with or without backbones. In this unit, you will investigate different types of invertebrates. You will complete reading assignments that cover sponges, cnidarians, flatworms, roundworms, mollusks, segmented worms, arthropods, and echinoderms. You will learn about vertebrates in the next unit.

Life’s Diversity: Part 2

In the last unit, you learned about invertebrates. In this unit, you will study vertebrates. Vertebrates are also known as chordates. Did you know that fish make up the largest group of chordates? In this unit, you will discover the three main types of fish—bony, jawless, and cartilaginous—and how they are unique.

In addition to fish, you will learn about other vertebrates, including amphibians, reptiles, birds, and mammals—the class that includes humans. You will conduct a science experiment to investigate how different systems in the human body allow you to perform specific tasks, such as catching a ball or writing a letter. Finally, you will explore the reproductive system and learn why DNA is essential to life.

Life and the Environment

The final unit in this course explores relationships between organisms and their natural surroundings. You may not realize how much of an impact you have on the environment. Things you do every day can affect the environment in different ways. Activities such as recycling and tree planting have a positive effect on the environment; however, other activities, like littering and even driving, can be harmful to the environment.

In this unit, you will learn about Earth’s natural resources and how energy flows through an ecosystem. You will learn about different forms of pollution and will calculate the amount of water you use at home over the course of three days. By the end of this unit, you will have an understanding of how important natural resources are to life on Earth.

Course Sets

  • GT Science (6)

Kit

  • Science 6 Kit

Lesson Manual/Course Guide

  • Gifted and Talented Science 6 A and B Course Guide

Online Text/eBook

  • iText Glencoe Science: Level Red

Supplies

  • Compass
  • Goggles, safety
  • Magnet, bar (set of 2)
  • Thermometers (4)

Social Studies 6 A

Description:
Ancient civilizations are the main focus in sixth grade Social Studies. Students begin the course by examining the role of a historian and analyzing the tools (timelines, geography, and evaluation of multiple sources) a historian uses to analyze historical events. Then, students learn about the agrarian revolution as societies moved from hunting and gathering to farming. Students trace the development of various ancient civilizations, including China, India, Mesopotamia, Egypt, Greece, and Rome. Students practice critical thinking by interpreting primary sources and studying history through eyewitness accounts.

Units:

Early Civilizations A

In this unit, you will examine the role of the historian. Focusing on the various tools that historians use to uncover the past, you will learn how the historian is like a detective. You will learn about time lines, maps, and sources that historians analyze to learn more about civilizations and societies. You will trace the origin and development of early hunting and gathering societies along with the Mesopotamian, Assyrian, and Chaldean civilizations. You will also explore how the governments, religions, and cultures of these civilizations are both similar and different.

Early Civilizations B

In this unit, you will learn about the development of ancient Egyptian and ancient Israelite civilizations. You will also explore how the governments, religions, and cultures of these civilizations are both similar and different. You will learn about the achievements and legacies of both civilizations.

The Ancient World A

In this unit, you will trace the origin of the Minoan, Mycenaean, and Greek civilizations and understand how geography impacted the history of each civilization. You will examine the development of Athens’ and Sparta’s civilizations and the contributions that each made. You will also understand how Athens and Sparta overcame attacks from Persia, and how Athens developed into a strong city-state under the leadership of Pericles.

Course Sets

  • Social Studies (6) [INCA 7]

Lesson Manual/Course Guide

  • Social Studies 6 A and B Course Guide

Online Text/eBook

  • iText Glencoe World History: Journey Across Time

Workbook

  • Journey Across Time: Reading and Note-Taking Guide

Social Studies 6 B

Description:
Ancient civilizations are the main focus in sixth grade Social Studies. Students begin the course by examining the role of a historian and analyzing the tools (timelines, geography, and evaluation of multiple sources) a historian uses to analyze historical events. Then, students learn about the agrarian revolution as societies moved from hunting and gathering to farming. Students trace the development of various ancient civilizations, including China, India, Mesopotamia, Egypt, Greece, and Rome. Students practice critical thinking by interpreting primary sources and studying history through eyewitness accounts.

Units:

The Ancient World B

In this unit, you will explore the rise of civilizations in the river valleys of ancient China and ancient India. You will learn about the achievements of each civilization. You will learn the basic principles of Hinduism and Buddhism and trace the development of each religion.

New Empires and New Faiths A

In this unit, you will trace the origin, rise, and decline of the Roman Republic and Empire. You will examine Rome’s culture and its primary achievements. You will study Rome’s legacies in government and engineering. You will identify the key people who were responsible for the economic growth and expansion of the Roman Empire. You will examine the causes of the Western Roman Empire’s decline and fall and you will study the rise and legacies of the Byzantine Empire.

New Empires and New Faiths B

In this unit, you will learn about the rise of Christianity and Islam, and study how both religions spread and influenced people and cultures around the world. You will learn about the key people who helped found and spread Christianity and Islam. You will also learn the basic beliefs and practices of each religion.

Course Sets

  • Social Studies (6) [INCA 7]

Lesson Manual/Course Guide

  • Social Studies 6 A and B Course Guide

Online Text/eBook

  • iText Glencoe World History: Journey Across Time

Workbook

  • Journey Across Time: Reading and Note-Taking Guide

Educational Technology and Online Learning 6

Description:
Educational Technology and Online Learning teaches students how to apply strategies for identifying and solving simple hardware and software problems, generate storyboard ideas for presentations, and insert and edit images. Discussions about cyberbullying and respecting the rights and intellectual property of others help students develop rules for safe use of the Internet.

Units:

Introduction

In this unit, you will be presented with a series of tutorials that are designed to help you understand the content and structure of this course. You will learn that each lesson in this course presents or develops a technology skill using academic content. You will also become familiar with how the lessons are organized and how to navigate through them. Finally, you will explore basic keyboarding concepts and skills.

Internet Safety

In this unit, you will learn how to use the Internet in a safe and responsible way and as a tool for communication, research, and collaboration. The unit begins by explaining the concept of a virtual community and discusses topics such as “netiquette” and online bullying. You will recognize Internet safety concerns including the importance of choosing a safe user name, risks associated with online shopping, and the threat of online predators. Finally, you will learn about intellectual property and copyright concepts. You will also examine the consequences that are associated with piracy and illegal music downloading.

Study Skills

In this unit, you will learn various strategies related to time management, organization, and goal setting. These strategies include color coding by subject, utilizing your student planner, and scheduling. Then you will create Venn Diagrams, and you will use these diagrams to compare and contrast information. Finally, you will explore mnemonic techniques to assist with memorization, helpful test-taking tips, and various methods of studying for tests.

Microsoft® Word

In this unit, you will learn basic Microsoft® Word techniques including navigating within a document, editing and formatting text, inserting images, creating and formatting tables, and keyboard shortcuts. You will to copy text from a provided source and paste it into a Microsoft Word document. You will manipulate text by applying various formatting strategies including inserting page breaks, highlighting, bolding text, changing font size, etc. Finally, you will change properties within a Microsoft Word document.

Microsoft® Excel

In this unit, you will create formulas, adjust column width, and enter text into a Microsoft® Excel spreadsheet. You will navigate between two spreadsheets and how to cut and paste data from one spreadsheet to another. You will create borders, resize fonts, and apply conditional formatting. Finally, you will use Microsoft Excel’s Chart Wizard feature to create various charts, line graphs, and bar graphs. You will also learn how to modify labels within a chart and resize and reposition a chart on a spreadsheet.

Microsoft® PowerPoint

In this unit, you will explore and be introduced to a variety of features in Microsoft® PowerPoint. You will learn how to select a design template, add new slides, and apply various slide layouts. You will navigate between two programs in order to copy and paste text from Microsoft Word or another word processing software program to a Microsoft PowerPoint slide. By the end of this unit, you will learn how to create and apply transitions between slides in a presentation.

Elective Courses

Middle Chinese I

Description:
Chinese I is an introductory-level course that will introduce the student to Mandarin Chinese. In this course, the student will learn listening, speaking, reading, and writing skills through a variety of activities, including LiveLesson® sessions with a native Mandarin speaker! The units are designed to introduce the student to Chinese language and culture through familiar topics such as my family, my week, and food. Culture is presented throughout the course to help the student make connections between his culture and the culture of people in the Mandarin-speaking world.

Units:

My World

In this unit, you will begin to study Mandarin, the official language of China and many other countries. Millions of people around the world speak Mandarin. This unit will teach you about Mandarin’s importance in the world. You will also learn Mandarin words that describe your family. By the end of the unit, you will know how to introduce yourself and your family to others.

My Time

How is your life different from the life of a student who speaks Mandarin? In this unit, you will learn how students spend their time in countries where Mandarin is spoken. You will look for ways their activities are alike and different from yours. This unit will also introduce you to the Mandarin words that describe everyday activities and time at school.

My Food

All cultures have different traditional foods, these are foods that are eaten for special occasions or have been eaten for a very long time . Just like you have your own food traditions, other cultures have their own food traditions, too. In this unit, you will learn about food customs in Mandarin-speaking countries. You will also learn Mandarin terms that describe food.

Middle Chinese II

Description:
Middle Chinese II enables the student to further develop his communication skills as he listens, speaks, reads, and writes Mandarin Chinese at a more advanced level. The student will continue to learn about Chinese culture as the student studies about historic places in China and other Mandarin-speaking countries and learns of the holidays and special traditions celebrated there. The student will practice his acquisition of Mandarin Chinese skills by continuing to converse with a native Mandarin speaker.

Units:

My Travels

In this unit, you will take a trip through historical places in China and other Mandarin-speaking countries. During this experience, you will learn to describe people, yourself, places, and types of transportation.

My Holidays

What holidays do you celebrate? The people in the Mandarin-speaking world may celebrate similar holidays. They also have their own special holidays. In this unit, you will learn about the important holidays celebrated in China and other Mandarin-speaking countries. You will learn about why the holiday is celebrated, its history, and its importance to students your age in the MSW. You will compare what you learn about the Mandarin-speaking world with your own country.

My Home

What are homes like in the Mandarin-speaking world? How are they different from homes in the United States? In this unit, you will learn about a typical home in some Mandarin-speaking countries, including the uses for different rooms of the home. You will find out how the activities that happen in the rooms are alike and different from yours. In this unit, you will also learn the names of some objects that can be found in a home, like furniture, clothes, flowers, and pets. Finally, in this unit, you will learn some stories and traditions about home life in the Mandarin-speaking world.

Middle Sign Language

Description:
In this course, students are introduced to the fundamental concepts of American Sign Language. Students explore vocabulary, grammar, and conversational skills using basic signing and fingerspelling techniques.

Units:

Intro

In this unit, your student will be introduced to American Sign Language, or ASL. He will study the history of ASL and learn how it became the standard language for deaf and hard of hearing people in North America. He will also learn about some of the accepted rules of etiquette in Deaf culture. This introductory unit also teaches your student how to sign the letters of the alphabet and the mechanics of fingerspelling.

Numbers

This unit introduces the signing of numbers. Your student will learn how to sign numbers 1–100, as well as the signs for dollars and cents. A variety of fun activities give your student a chance to practice using ASL to discuss counting and using money.

Time

In this unit, your student will study various aspects of time. Not only will he learn how to communicate time using ASL, he will also learn the signs for the 7 days of the week and the 12 months of the year. The signs for various holidays as well as the four seasons are also taught in this unit.

Nouns

Your student will learn the signs for some commonly used nouns and pronouns. She will also be introduced to the ASL concepts of Indexing, Agency, and Nonmanual Markers. Combining these new concepts and the signs your student has learned will expand her growing library of American Sign Language knowledge.

Descriptions

This unit will teach your student how to sign various descriptions using American Sign Language. He will learn how to sign comparative adjectives and show comparison between two or more nouns or pronouns. Also, he will learn the signs for descriptive words that express size, shape, possession, color, and location. In addition, he will combine some previously taught signs for numbers, time, and nouns, with descriptive signs taught in this unit.

Middle Spanish I

Description:
Students learn Spanish in real-life situations. Students also write in Spanish and increase their vocabulary. Speaking exercises, which teachers review, are another important part of the course.

Middle Spanish II

Description:
Students learn Spanish in real-life situations. Students also write in Spanish and increase their vocabulary. Speaking exercises, which teachers review, are another important part of the course.

Music IV

Description:
The Music courses, with content developed by the Baltimore Symphony Orchestra, focus on teaching basic music concepts through traditional children’s songs and classical music examples. Students develop fine and gross motor skills that will enable them to keep a steady beat and learn rhythm instruments. Music IV teaches students the six elements in music, while rounding out their knowledge of music notation and of rhythmic and melodic patterns.

Units:

Music Terminology

In this unit you will learn six primary elements of music: beat, rhythm, melody, pitch, dynamics, and tempo. You will learn these concepts by singing folk songs and performing movement activities. You will listen to and identify these elements in musical examples. Finally, you will discover how these elements relate to each other.

The Sounds of Music

In this unit you will learn about the four sections of the orchestra and the main instruments that make up each section. You will discover how each instrument group produces sound and the differences between instruments in the same section. You will compare and contrast the instruments used in the orchestra to those used in a band. Finally, the responsibilities of the conductor will be discussed.

A Tour Through Time

In this unit you will go back in time and learn about three historical music periods: Baroque, Classical, and Romantic. You will also explore three different types of compositions: the fugue, the symphony, and the concerto. Additionally, you will learn about some of the famous composers who wrote these types of musical pieces. Finally, you will develop a historical time line with the information learned throughout the unit.

Music Notation

In this unit you will be introduced to rhythmic and melodic notation. You will learn to identify simple rhythmic and melodic patterns in folk songs. You will then learn how to read and write music notation on the music staff.

Home Life

Description:
Here, students select from a number of projects that develop skills through fun, experiential learning projects. Activities include cooking, crafts, sewing, home maintenance, family outings, and genealogy. Recently added projects include Lemonade Stand and Backyard Ecosystems.

Units:

In the Kitchen

In the Garage

In the Store

In the Garden

In the Family

MS Introduction to Entrepreneurship I

Description:
In this course you will learn the basics needed to plan and launch your own business. Do you have what it takes to start a new business? Do you have an idea for a business but need the tools to get started? This course will provide you with the core skills you need to become successful. In this course you will study the characteristics of successful entrepreneurs. You will also learn about self-employment and basic economic concepts related to small businesses, such as competition and production. This course will also walk you through the steps of setting up a business, including developing a business plan, a mission and a vision, attracting investors, and marketing your company.

Units:

Course Overview

In this unit, you will receive a basic overview of the course. You will learn how to navigate through the course, find and zip files, set up your Web browser, and complete coursework. You will also learn about using trustworthy sources, avoiding plagiarism, and making proper citations.

The Role of the Entrepreneur

In this unit, you will receive an introduction to what it means to be an entrepreneur. You will learn about types of entrepreneurs and the role of entrepreneurs in society. This unit will also explain basic economic concepts related to entrepreneurship, including producers and consumers, strong and weak economies, and capitalism and competition.

Entrepreneurship as a Career

In this unit, you will learn more about the life of an entrepreneur. This unit will explore some of the advantages and disadvantages of self-employment as well as detail the characteristics, skills, and education of successful entrepreneurs. This unit will also discuss reasons why a person becomes an entrepreneur and career paths that help develop entrepreneurial skills and characteristics.

Economic Principles

In this unit, you will learn more about some basic economic concepts related to entrepreneurship. You will learn about profit and loss, profit motive, and competition. You will also learn about production, goods, scarcity, and the law of supply and demand.

Production and Delivery

In this unit, you will learn how entrepreneurs produce and deliver goods and services to markets. You will explore some of the different industries and delivery methods. You will also learn about related economic concepts, including economic utility, economies of scale, market saturation, and product life cycle.

Small Business Basics

In this unit, you will explore the stages and forms of small businesses. Related to this, you will learn about how to form departments and factors that contribute to success and failure. You will also become more familiar with the importance of business ethics.

Business Ideas and Opportunities

In this unit, you will learn the role of entrepreneurs and small businesses in society and the global economy. Related to this, you will explore how business trends affect entrepreneurial ideas and opportunities. You will also learn about methods and resources that will help you generate business ideas and wisely select the best plan based on your goals, skills, personality, and resources.

Defining Your Business

In this unit, you will learn about the importance and parts of a business plan. Related to this, you will how to craft a mission and vision statement. You will also learn how to determine the scope of a business, including the products and services that will be offered.

Business Organization

In this unit, you will learn about various forms of business organization as well as accompanying legal and tax procedures. Related to this, you will learn about franchising, business licenses, and permits. You will also explore ways to organize and manage employees, records, purchasing, and inventory.

Marketing Basics

In this unit, you will explore basic concepts related to marketing an entrepreneurial initiative or business, including market positioning, penetration, and research. You will also learn about establishing a corporate and brand image and the steps involved in developing a marketing message.

Promoting Your Company

In this unit, you will learn about diverse methods for promoting an entrepreneurial initiative or business. Related to this, you will explore promotional methods, costs, and evaluation. You will also learn about advertising methods and goals as well as the parts of a marketing plan.

WebQuest

Description:
Students help scientists monitor frog and toad populations across the country using FrogWatch USA™. Managed by the Association of Zoos & Aquariums, FrogWatch USA uses data collected by students to develop new ways to protect amphibians, which are extremely sensitive to ecological changes. Students visit a local wetland site once a week, make careful observations, and submit their data online. This online project joins Connections Academy students and scientists around the country as they gather and analyze data.

Business Keyboarding

Prerequisites:
A high-speed Internet connection is necessary to download the program required for this course.

Note: This course contains applications that are not compatible with a Mac computer. The use of these applications is necessary for successful completion of this course.

Description:
In this course, the student will explore a variety of keyboarding strategies including learning the function of all the keys, how to find them quickly, and the importance of keyboarding for his future career. Major concepts of this course include the alphabetic and numeric keyboard, history of the keyboard and new technology, and keyboard skill building (speed and accuracy).

Units:

Learning the Game Part 1

Learning the Game is an introduction to the course. The game motif is expanded as it relates learning a new game to learning the rules of the course and the concept of keyboarding.Welcome to the Keyboarding Game! Working through Unit 1 will be much like opening the box to a new game and learning the rules and how to use the game board and game pieces. Here, you will familiarize yourself with the basic rules of the game, including electronic communication rules (Netiquette), and begin to work on becoming accustomed to the game board. Finally, you will perform some of the beginning moves in playing the game of keyboarding. As with any game, learning the rules and becoming proficient with the moves will make playing the game easier and increase your chance of success. Remember to have fun!

Learning the Game Part 2

In Unit 1, you focused on learning the Alpha keys. In Unit 2, you will continue to practice their keying skills while learning the number keys (both alphanumeric and keypad).

Playing the Game

You have now learned the basics of proper keying. You will now begin to learn about formatting business documents while they continue to practice your keying skills using MT3. Now that you have learned the basic skills of the keyboarding game, you are ready to move on to applying those skills. In Unit 3, you will continue to practice your keyboarding skills, as well as learning proper formatting for letters, memos, and reports. In addition, you’ll spend some time learning more about your favorite game.

Games in Your Future?

This unit focuses on career choices and is referred to as a reality check (we can’t all play games for a living). You will complete an interest inventory and select a career to research. This research project will be the final project for the course, worth 20% of the course grade when combined with the timed writing score. Instead of taking a single exam at the end of the course to show that you’ve mastered all of the skills needed to play the keyboarding game, you will complete a final project. Unit 4 is that project. All of the career assignments in Unit 4 must be completed satisfactorily in order for you to receive a passing grade in this course. The tasks you will be asked to perform include all of the skills you’ve been practicing throughout the course. As in the other units of this course, you will also take a timed writing exam at the end of Unit 4. You will continue to do some skillbuilding activities to improve your speed throughout this unit.

MS Digital Arts I

Description:
In this course you will become familiar with basic concepts essentially to visual and digital art, such as line, shape, form, color, value, space, and texture. Using Inkscape, a free open-source program, you will also develop core artistic skills through the creation of original digital art. You will have the opportunity to express yourself as well through a course-long art project that involves the creation of a still life scene.

Units:

Course Overview

In this unit, you will learn how to use the course technology. You will learn how to navigate through the course, find and zip files, set up your Web browser, and complete coursework. You will also learn about using trustworthy sources, avoiding plagiarism, and making proper citations.

Introduction to Digital Art

In this unit, you will learn about basic concepts that inform visual arts, digital arts, and computer graphics. You will also start to learn how to use Inkscape, a software program for creating digital art.

Lines

In this unit, you will explore the use of lines in art. Using Inkscape, you will create different types of lines, including a special kind of curve called the Bezier Curve. You will also start an art project that you will continue to work on throughout the course. This project will involve the creation of a still life scene depicting a glass, a decanter, and a bowl of fruit.

Shape and Form

In this unit, you will explore the use of shapes and forms in art. Using Inkscape, you will create different types of shapes. You will also continue with your art project, adding shapes and forms to your still life.

Color

In this unit, you will learn how color is related to light and how color is used in art. You will use Inkscape’s color sliders to practice using color. You will also continue with your art project, adding grapes and colors to your still life.

Value

In this unit, you will learn how value, or the lightness or darkness of a color, is used in art. Using Inkscape, you will create a color value scale. You will also continue with your art project, adding value to your still life through highlights.

Space

In this unit, you will explore how space and perspective is used in art. Using Inkscape, you will draw two-dimensional objects that look three-dimensional. You will also continue with your art project. You will add a table and book to your still life to create the illusion of 3D space.

Texture

In this unit, you will explore how texture is used in art. You will create different textures using Inkscape’s filters. You will also complete your art project by adding texture to different parts of your still life.

2 thoughts on “GRADE 6 (Middle School): K to 12 Curriculum Guide – National Connections Academy

  1. Pingback: Where K to 10 is BETTER than K to 12 » MULTILINGUAL PHILIPPINES

  2. Pingback: Where K to 10 is BETTER than K to 12 | Multilingual Philippines

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